Originally posted on Adina Kutnicki:
First of all, it is not often that such obvious brains and beauty are in one bombshell package. A breath of fresh air. A lethal combination. Devastatingly disarming.
View original 1,051 more words
Originally posted on Adina Kutnicki:
First of all, it is not often that such obvious brains and beauty are in one bombshell package. A breath of fresh air. A lethal combination. Devastatingly disarming.
View original 1,051 more words
As the smoggy skies over China’s northern industrial cities thicken into soupy murkiness, life spans plummet and citizens are getting testy. Over a billion sullen people would frighten any politician, elected or not. Ratcheting up a response, concerned leaders just pushed to develop a revolutionary thorium nuclear reactor in only 10 years, elevating a long=term research program to an urgent Manhattan Project. Although it’s a symbolic gesture at this point, as an attempt to cut down China’s destructive reliance on coal, it plays to the country’s reputation as the global infrastructure king after building the Three Gorges Dam and nation-wide high speed rail.
To gauge the government’s resolve, look no further than Premier Li Keqiang, who told the national legislature on March 5th that the government had declared “war on pollution” (borrowing a handy Washington cliche). Although China is the world leader in clean energy investment, with $54 billion poured into 14 GWs of wind and 12 GWs of solar last year alone, the government has targeted nuclear as an important part of its low-carbon strategy.
China hasn’t abandoned traditional nuclear, according to thorium-ophile Ambrose Evans-Pritchard at The Telegraph. It’s already building 26 conventional reactors to fire up in 2015, with 51 more planned, and 120 more stuffed into the pipeline. But for the government they have a big drawback: a reliance on pricey, imported uranium.
Since China has enough thorium to last for “20,000 years,” starting just three years ago, China’s Academy of Sciences (an arm of the government) began the long pursuit of a “thorium-based molten-salt reactor system” at the Shanghai Institute of Nuclear and Applied Physics. Originally, its scientists had been given a manageable 25-year mandate to develop the thorium plant – and leap-frog uranium – but a 10-year deadline is pushy by any autocrat’s standards.
Ironically, this story leads back to the United States, a slower -moving democracy, and Kirk Sorensen, a former NASA rocket engineer, who, by trying to develop a thorium reactor, has become the 90th element’s biggest advocate, which makes him both the Johnny Appleseed and the world’s biggest Chicago Cubs fan of nuclear energy. He’s definitively American.
Sorenson explained to Evans-Pritchard that his thorium reactors could solve the Fukushima problem: they would operate at atmospheric pressure to eliminate the same hydrogen explosions. If a reactor began to overheat, a plug melts and the salts drain out. “There’s no need for computers, or the electrical pumps that were crippled by the tsunami. The reactor can save itself.” He’s ingeniously practical.
Then he went big-picture and very Spockian, ignoring legacy energy systems, dysfunctional politics, and greed: ”Once you start looking more closely, you can run civilization on thorium for hundreds of thousands of years, and it’s essentially free. You don’t have to deal with uranium cartels.” Or humans. He’s also insanely rational. And eternally hopeful. A terminal Cubs fan.
The Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee built a molten-salt reactor in the 1960s, but it was shelved by the Nixon Administration. At the time, the Pentagon needed uranium to build nuclear bombs, so the project was aborted. The blueprints were gathered up, archived, and forgotten, until Kirk Sorensen, a young engineer prowling NASA looking for a new research project, found and studied them. Convinced of their value, he later published the results. Although the small thorium research community shared them and reporters publicized them, the US government ignored them; however, China did not.
Jiang Mianheng, the next link in the thorium story, is the son of former Party leader Jiang Zemin, which makes him a princeling, a rich and pampered member of the ruling Communist government’s second generation. That world of privilege and access gave him the clout to bring his thorium project to China’s National Academy of Sciences and wrangle a start-up budget of $350m.
Mr Jiang made a special trip to the Oak Ridge labs and obtained the designs – legitimately, just by asking – after reading an article in American Scientist that touted thorium’s many benefits. He’d decided that a molten-salt reactor could be the answer to China’s ongoing energy and climate crisis. He took this disruptive technology back to China and suddenly it’s moved into the mainstream, just like Sorenson has hoped.
Under the original 25-year research plan, Jiang’s Shanghai team would have built a tiny 2 MW plant using liquid flouride fuel by the end of the decade, before gradually scaling up to commercial size during the 2020s. Now those plans have been jump-started by a nervous regime.
One hundred thousand years from now, if Jiang’s scientists managed to develop a working molten-salt reactor that created an energy revolution, Beijing pedestrians will be able to look up into the clear night sky and see an immense, state-sponsored hologram of Kirk Sorenson floating overhead, flashing an eternal Vulcan salute as he sucks up the endless free energy supplied by one of his reactors. Unfortunately, it will be too late to snag a book deal with best-selling author Michael Lewis.
Lok sabha Election of 2014 is made special with the advent of mobile applications, which enables the users to view and share election updates with others. The traditional methods such as door to door campaign and rallies have proved insufficient to influence the tech savvy generation. Considering fact, many mobile app developers have come up with applications that are available on the play store or can be downloaded for free. Check out some top apps that will help you track the upcoming Lok Sabha election thus enabling you to make vote smarter, as compiled by Yahoo News.
Election India provides mock voting option for the users to vote for their preferred political parties. This app includes detailed descriptions regarding election updates, political parties, political leaders, political videos, Facebook fan page and more. This also includes brief information about the current party president, party website link, and major political parties in India. Using Election India, users can write reviews on their political parties and can check the reviews from other app users as well. Election India also provides previous election results that contain information about the elected Prime Minister, party seats, and other major parties. Mock voting results can be viewed state wise and party wise for each individual state.
Election Watch Reporter (EWR)
EWR is an app that reports complaints regarding election breaches. Users can use this app to file complaints regarding the violation of electoral rules,or expenditures done by the candidates during their campaigns. Users can add images and locations with their complaints which then can be reported to the Election Commission directly. Election Watch Reporter allows its users to file complaints under sections such as Media Advertising, Election Rally, Misuse of Official Vehicles, Liquor or Drugs Distribution and more.
Voter List LS 2014
This app provides the access to the detailed electorate lists for the upcoming elections. The app provides a state wise list of the voters. The entire states and the union territories of the nation are supported by this app. The simple and easy to use interface of Voter List LS 2014 app also enables the users to get the voters details in their local constituency as well with great ease.
Elect For India
This app enables the users to view the political candidates nominated for 2014 Lok Sabha Elections. Using this app users can leave their opinion vote and also can view the opinion results. Voting schedule for 2014 election can also be viewed using this app. Users can view the latest news, videos and updates about the election. Elect For India also helps the users to share the candidate details to their friends via Facebook and Twitter.
This app provides the opportunity to experience real time voting trends throughout India. Users can evaluate the prevailing political trends of the country using this app. Voting Line facilitates the users to select right political leader for the country and also helps to evaluate the opinions and current scenarios Using this app one can vote for both Loksabha and Vidhan Sabha Constituencies on a daily basis. Users can also check the voting percentage of different political parties on a daily and monthly basis. Voting reports are organized based on the votes casted by the users of this app. Report can be analyzed on various listing options including age, education, state, and religion. The app keeps the information regarding the users and their voting opinions confidential.
India Politics enables the users to watch events and speeches of their favorite leaders through Social Media such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube. This app updates latest news and trends about general elections, election dates and results, tweets from political leaders and parties. It also provides previous election results from all the major political parties in a state wise list.
Indian Election is an official app by the Election Commission of India which helps users to find their nearest polling booth. Using this app, people can enroll in to the voting list or confirm their enlistment. The app also enables the user to update or correct their personal information in voting list. This app can be downloaded from play store and is available for iOS, Android, and Windows operating systems.
1. Indra Nooyi
Current position: CFO, Pepsico
Indra Nooyi,56, is the current chairman and CFO of the second largest food and beverage business, PepsiCo.
Born in Chennai, Indra did her Bachelor’s in Science from Madras Christian College in 1974 and a Post Graduate Diploma in Management (MBA) from Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta in 1976.
She has been conferred with prestigious Padma Bhushan for her business achievements and being an inspiration to India’s corporate leadership.
Current position: Group General Manager & Country Head – HSBC,India
Naina Lal Kidwai,55, is presently the Group General Manager and Country Head of HSBC India.
Naina has a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from Delhi university and an MBA from Harvard Business school. In fact, Kidwai was the first Indian woman to graduate from Harvard Business School.
Indian government conferred Padma Shri award on Naina for her contributions in the field of Trade and Industry.
Current position: CMD, Biocon
Kiran,59, is the founder Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of Biocon Limited.
Born in Bangalore, Shaw completed her Bachelors in Zoology from Mount Carmel College, Bangalore University. She later did her post-graduation in Malting and Brewing from Ballarat College, Melbourne University.
She worked as a trainee brewer in Carlton and United Breweries, Melbourne and as a trainee maltster at Barrett Brothers and Burston, Australia.
She started Biocon in 1978 and spearheaded its evolution from an industrial enzymes manufacturing company to a fully integrated bio-pharmaceutical company.
Today Biocon under Shaw’s leadership has established itself as a leading player in biomedicine research with a focus on diabetes and oncology.
Kiran is also a member of the board of governors of the prestigious Indian School of Business and Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad.
Kiran received the prestigious Padma Shri (1989) and the Padma Bhushan (2005) from the government of India.
Current position: MD & CEO – ICICI Bank
Chanda Kochar, 51, is currently the MD & CEO of india’s largest private bank ICICI Bank.
Rajasthan born chanda got Masters Degree in Management Studies from Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai. She received the Wockhardt Gold Medal for Excellence in Management Studies as well as the J. N. Bose Gold Medal in Cost Accountancy.
Chanda Kochhar is married to Deepak Kochhar, a wind energy entrepreneur and her Business schoolmate.
5. Indu Jain
Designation – Chairperson (former), Times Group
Indu Jain,76, used to be the chairperson of India’s largest and most powerful media house – The Times Group.
A strong votary of women’s rights and women entrepreneurship, Indu contributed immensely to the growth of Times group. Now, her two sons Samir and Vineet are running the company.
Indu Jain is also founder President of the Ladies wing of FICCI (FLO).
Indu is also the Chairperson of the Bharatiya Jnanpith Trust, which awards India’s most prestigious and highest literary award, the Jnanpith award.
She addressed the United Nations in 2000 at the Millennium World Peace Summit of Religious and Spiritual Leaders, a speech in which she stressed the need for oneness among faiths and went on to chair a special session of the conference.
6. Simone Tata
Current position: Chairperson (Former), Lakme Chairperson (Present),Trent Limited
French by birth and educated in Switzerland, Simone is wife of Naval Homey Jahangir Tata and step mother to Ratan Tata. She is better known as ‘Cosmetic Czarina of India’.
She has the distinction of changing a small subsidiary of Tata Oil Mills into the largest cosmetic brand in India – Lakme , that became synonymous with indigenous Indian cosmetics.
In 1996 Tata sold off Lakmé to Hindustan Lever Limited (HLL), and created Trent from the money it made through the sale. Presently, Simone is the chairperson of Trent Limited.
7. Neelam Dhawan
Current position: MD, HP-India
A woman with ‘never-say-die’ spirit, Neelam Dhawan is presently the Managing Director of Hewlett-Packard (HP), India.
Neelam is an iconic figure in Indian IT industry . She is an inspiration for women working in IT sector. She dared to enter the IT world in early 1980s when there were just a handful of women in this industry.
At the start of her career she yearned to be a part of major players in the FMCG space such as Asian Paints and Hindustan Lever.
Unfortunately, these organizations did not want a woman to be a part of their marketing and sales efforts and hence she was rejected at the time.
But a determined Neelam refused to give up and fought back with laurels galore.
Before joining HP, India as Managing Director (MD) , Neelam was Managing Director (MD) of Microsoft, India.
She had successful and rewarding stints with other leading players like IBM and HCL.
8. Sulajja Firodia Motwani
Current position: JMD – Kinetic Motors
Motwani is the Joint Managing Director of Kinetic Motors.
Sulajja has single-handedly designed and developed marketing strategies to spearhead the company’s growth forward. Sulajja worked in a California-based Investment Company before coming to India to join her grandfather’s business.
Sulajia’s good looks has been recognized by India Today group which named her the ‘Face of the Millennium’ and she has been selected as the ‘Global Leader of Tomorrow’ by the World Economic Forum.
9. Priya Paul
Current position: Chairperson, Apeejay Park Hotels
Priya joined the family business at the age of 22 and worked under her father as Marketing Manager at the Park Hotel, Delhi.
After the death of Surrendra Paul, she succeeded him in 1990 as the Chairperson of the Hospitality Division of the Apeejay Surendra Group.
Her contribution to the hospitality industry has got recognition from the government of India which conferred on her Padma Sri award in 2012.
10. Mallika Srinivasan
Current position: Director, TAFE (Tractor and Farm Equipment)
Mallika has an MBA from Wharton School of Business, Pennsylvania.
She joined TAFE in 1986 and has since been responsible for accelerating turnover from 85 crores to 2900 crores within a span of two decades.
Her innovative business ideas and excellent leadership qualities have won her laurels from every quarter.
She was awarded ‘Businesswoman of the year 2006’ award by ET.
11. Ekta Kapoor
Current position: JMD & Creative Director, Balaji Telefilms
Ekta Kapoor is the daughter of legendary star of yesteryears Jeetendra and brother of Bollywood actor Tusshar Kapoor.
Ekta has created a niche for herself in TV serial and film production. She can easily be termed as the most successful female producer of entertainment world.
Ekta has produced many successful films including Kyo Kii… Main Jhuth Nahin Bolta , Kucch To Hai Love Sex aur Dhokha, Once Upon a Time in Mumbaai, Shor in the City, Ragini MMS, Kyaa Super Kool Hai Hum and The Dirty Picture.
12. Ritu Kumar
Current position: Fashion Designer
Ritu Kumar is one of the big names in Indian fashion industry.
Ritu has carved a niche for herself in designing a variety of wardrobes including swimwear, eveningwear, traditional Indian wear, casual wear and formal evening gowns.
She has the distinction of designing costumes of three winning Miss Indias.
Her son Ashvin Kumar is a director, who has made films like Road to Ladakh (2002) and short film Little Terrorist (2004), which was nominated for the 2004 Academy Award for Live Action Short Film, and in which she did the costume design.
13. Shahnaz Hussain
Current position: CEO, Shahnaz Herbals Inc
Shahnaz Hussain is the biggest name in herbal cosmetics industry in India. She has introduced a number of trend setting herbal products .
Currently, the Shahnaz Husain Group has over 400 franchise clinics across the world covering over 138 countries.
Her pioneering work got recognition from Govt of India when she was conferred with prestigious Padma Shri award in 2006.
14. Jyoti nayak
Current Position: President Shri Mahila Griha Udyog Lijjat Papad
Jyoti Naik, is currently the President of Shri Mahila Griha Udyog Lijjat Papad, an Indian women’s cooperative based in Mumbai.
The Khadi and Village Industries Commission of India has conferred the Best Village Industry award on Lijjat Papad from the period 1998-99 to 2000-01.
Jyoti Naik was conferred Businesswomen of the Year (2001-02) for corporate excellence by the Economic Times.
15. Ravina Raj Kohli
Current position: Founder & Executive Director, JobCorp
Ravina Raj Kohli is an international media veteran with an experience of 24 years spanning across television and radio broadcasting, advertising, filming and journalism. Ravina is also Indian television’s first woman CEO.
She was CEO of Star news until 2004. Before Star, Ravina worked at Sony Entertainment Television as Head of Content and Communication and with the Kerry Packer owned Channel 9 on the Doordarshan platform as CEO.
She has earned a Diploma from the London School of Journalism, as well as a Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology, Economics and Literature from Bangalore University.
India still witnesses imbalanced sex ratio when it comes to registration of voters. Recently, the Election Commission brought out some pretty surprising statistics which shows India’s continuing story of gender inequities since 1971, during the time when the gender break-up of electorates was first recorded, reports Tina Edwin of IndiaSpend.
Out of the overall 23.16 million first-time voters enrolled voters for the 16th Lok Sabha polls, just 41 percent of the 18-19 year-olds registered voters are women, 96 lakh of them as against 1.4 crore new male voters. In India, states like Haryana, Maharashtra, Punjab, Chandigarh and Gujarat have the most skewed electoral sex ratios.
Ashok Jain, chief electoral officer, said, “We have been consistently motivating and encouraging women voters by engaging them in several SVEEP (Systematic Voters Education and Electoral Participation) activities,” reports TOI.
Though the time has changed with improved literacy, intervention of government agencies and aggressive efforts of political parties to bring more people to vote, it is the patriarchal nature of Indian society that fails to bring in more female voters.
With a motive to engage more women, the EC has launched various campaigns like appealing to them to vote through household items like gas cylinders and advertisements on all means of media. Not just this, even while registration, the election officers ensured that more women participate in the process by asking men to come with their wives so that they too receive voter ID cards.
“Woman is the companion of man, gifted with equal mental capacity,”—Gandhi. From breaking the chains of oppression and racism to holding higher post in corporate world, women have really been on the forefront of every moment in the world.
As we have entered in the month that celebrates International Women’s Day to mark women’s achievements, success and contribution to the world, it is time to honor and appreciate the spirit of womanhood. Let’s have a look at these 10 women who decided to walk on a path not chosen by many, as compiled by iDiva.
She needs no introduction. With her immense work towards the poor and serving the needy, Mother Teresa earned a special place in millions of hearts. While guiding the expansion of Missionaries of Charity at first in India and later in other countries, for over 4 decades, she ministered the poor, sick, dying and orphaned.
Seen as a saint, she was honored by Pope John Paul II following her death and gave her the title ‘Blessed Teresa of Calcutta.’ Mother Teresa started her mission in India and succeeded in bringing people from all societies under one roof, on the grounds of humanity. During the year 1950, Mother established the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta. The missionary took care of the weak and homeless people in the Indian society. She received various awards like The Nobel Prize, Ramon Magsaysay and Padmashri Award for her services. She was fondly called as Mother by innumerable. In her quest to serve the needy, she finally laid down forever on September 5, 1997.
The Princess of Wales, Princess Diana, was renowned for her fund-raising work for international charities, and was a celebrated figure of the late 20th century. Princess Diana’s signature style and compassion are still remembered with great admiration.
With her charismatic appearance, she is still regarded as one of the most photographed women in the world. She was born into an aristocratic English family with royal ancestry. Princess Diana also received recognition for her charity work and for her support of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. There was a lot of media attention and public mourning after her death in a car crash in Paris in August 1997. To this day, she is not only remembered for her beauty, but also for being a good and compassionate person, a devoted mother and a strong woman.
When people bags awards and recognition for being in the field of education, this teenage girl was shot at her head for her speech in Peshawar, Pakistan, in September 2008.
The title of her speech was, “How dare the Taliban take away my basic right to education?” She is now recognized worldwide for her courage and fearlessness for standing up against the Taliban and protesting for education for girls. This Pakistani girls’ education activist has been named among the 16 most influential teens of 2013 by Time magazine. Despite the Taliban’s threats, Yousafzai remains a staunch advocate for the power of education for girls.
‘We live in deeds, not in years,’ this saying is well versed with the life of Anne Frank. She is one of the most discussed Holocaust victims. Known primarily through her diary, which was published after her death, her writing conveys both the terror of her family’s situation and the romantic longings of a typical teenage girl.
The diary documents her experiences hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II. It was Otto Frank, the only survivor of the family, who led to its publication in 1947. It has since been translated into many languages. It was translated from its original Dutch and first published in English in 1952 as The Diary of a Young Girl. Though her life was cut short early, she is still remembered for her undying spirit even at the most critical time.
Savitri Bai Phule
Savitribai Phule was a social reformer who along with her husband, Rashtrapita Jyotirao Phule, played an important role in changing the women’s rights in India.
Phule was born in Naigaon village in Maharashtra to LaxmiBai and Khandoji Navse Patil in the year 1831. Life was never easy for Phule as a teacher in the school, upper caste people were against setting up school for the girls. They pelted stones at her and even threw dung on her. She faced oral abuse from all quarters of the village. Despite all this, Phule voiced her views against child marriage, Sati and relentlessly helped the kids to be enlightened with education. Unfortunately, she succumbed to plague and died in the year 1897.
Agatha Christie was one of the most successful crime novelists and playwrights of the 20th century. It is her shyness that led her to the world of writing where she wrote detective fiction with endearing characters, including the world-famous detectives Hercule Poirot and Miss Marple.
Not only did Christie write 82 detective novels, but she also jot down an autobiography, a series of six romance novels, under the pseudonym Mary Westmacott, and 19 plays, including The Mousetrap, the world’s longest running theatrical play in London. More than 30 of her murder mystery novels have been made into motion pictures, including Witness for the Prosecution (1957), Murder on the Orient Express (1974), and Death on the Nile (1978). She holds the Guinness Book of World Records for being the best-selling novelist so far.
Till today, Marilyn Monroe’s popularity with popular culture are endless as many people still loves her acting, fashion, singing and style.
However, it is her damn care nature that people adore her most. Apart from her professional skills, she inspires women to be confident and happy with their sexuality. Monroe was the most iconic actress of her times who refined the term ‘sexy’. She has accomplished much more than she set out to do–she inspired generations of women to use glamour as a tool for survival.
Marie Curie, a French-Polish physicist and chemist, was famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity. Curie happens to be the only woman to win a Nobel Prize twice. In 1903, she won the Nobe Prize in Physics in recognition of her joint research on the radiation phenomena being initially discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel. In the year 1911, she took home her second, Nobel Prize, this time for her contribution to Chemistry.
It was Curie who created the word ‘radioactivity’ and found out that radiation can kill cells in human beings. It is based on the valuable research done by her; physicians learned the capability of radiation in destroying tumor cells. The idea of X-ray machine is also the brain child of Curie and it is quite obvious that her contributions could have given her a fortune, but she did not even apply for a patent! “Marie Curie is, of all celebrated beings, the only one whom fame has not corrupted,” Einstein once commented about Curie.
Indira Gandhi, India’s first female Prime Minister, ruled with an iron fist–thereby earning herself the name ‘Iron Lady of India’. She served as the Prime Minister of India for 3 consecutive terms, as well as a fourth term. Indira Gandhi evokes images of a strong and determined woman.
Born into an affluent and powerful family, Indira Gandhi learnt the ropes of politics at a very young age. She was credited for supporting India’s nuclear weapons program that helped establish India as a formidable force. She also known for boosting the Green Revolution, a program which enabled India to not only become self-sufficient to a large extent in terms of food supply, but also established India’s presence as a major food exporter.
Irom Sharmila also known as the “Iron Lady of Manipur” is a civil rights as well as a political activist. She is an example of a woman’s perseverance.
Since 2 November 2000, she has been on a hunger strike to demand that the Indian government abolish the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA), which is a cause for violence in Manipur and other parts of northeast. Not having food or water for over a decade, she has been called “the world’s longest hunger striker”. She is on a continuous hunger strike for past 13 years. She has certainly shown the world the choice to live without fear in one’s own homeland.
Golda Meir (May 3, 1898 – December 8, 1978) was an Israeli teacher, kibbutznik and politician who became the fourth Prime Minister of Israel.
Meir was elected Prime Minister of Israel on March 17, 1969, after serving as Minister of Labour and Foreign Minister. Israel’s first and the world’s third woman to hold such an office, she was described as the “Iron Lady” of Israeli politics years before the epithet became associated with British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Former Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion used to call Meir “the best man in the government”; she was often portrayed as the “strong-willed, straight-talking, grey-bunned grandmother of the Jewish people”.
1. Absence of a long term vision to increase availability of power by capacity addition and encouraging private investment in power generation compared to other states, over the last 10 years.
2. Overdependence on outside sources.
3. Considerable dependence on wind energy which is highly seasonal in nature and therefore not completely reliable.
4. Failure to reduce power transmission losses in the last 10 years.
1.Lack of long term vision
The following stats demonstrates how the gap between requirement and availability of power in Tamil Nadu has altered significantly in comparison with other industrialized states between 2003-04 and 2010-11.
Anticipating a huge increase in demand, driven by economic growth, states such as Maharashtra, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh put in added efforts to increase the availability of power. This was done both by increasing own capacity and by encouraging private investment in power generation. On the contrary, such a long term vision to increase availability of power was absent in Tamil Nadu.
Further, installed capacity in Tamil Nadu increased from around 13,000 MW at the end of the 10th plan to around 14,700 MW in 2010-11, representing an increase of around 12%. This represents the least capacity addition among all the states in this period. States such as Maharashtra and Gujarat have capacity additions of 53% and 21% respectively. States such as Rajasthan and West Bengal increased capacity by as much as 43% and 47% respectively. This is explained in the table below:
The graph below will help you visualize better
There are five main sources of power in a state – own generation, central allocation, power purchased from IPPs, short term power from the exchange and other sources (including wind mills). The sources of power for the various states considered here are shown below
3. Over dependence on wind energy
All the capacity additions in Tamil Nadu were in private wind generation (R.E.S), which, as mentioned before, is highly seasonal. This can be seen from
the graph below, which shows sector wise capacity additions over the last three years:
4. Failure to reduce Transmission and Distribution losses
Tamil Nadu also has relatively low T&D and AT&C losses of 18% and 19.5% respectively. Even though these values are relatively low, they have remained at these levels for the past ten years. Tamil Nadu is the only state which has not reduced its T&D losses and improved the system over the years. This is evident from the following graph which shows the movement of T&D losses in the different states since 2002-03.
Total capacity that will be added in the state from 2011-12 to 2015-16 is 7310 MW, out of which 1860 MW will come from the state sector, 4250 MW from the central sector and 1200 MW from the private sector. The plants coming up in the state in the next five years are shown in the graph below.
Strategies to be adopted by the state government: (Taken from the Draft of the 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17) of Tamil Nadu)
♦Taking up new projects-North Chennai Stage III and IV, Udangudi project and its expansion, Ennore Annex, Kundah Pumped Storage, Uppur thermal power project, ETPS replacement, Tuticorin stage IV,
Cheyyur Ultra Mega Power Project etc.
♦Speeding up and expediting the completion of on going projects-North Chennai Stage II, Mettur State III, TNEB-NTPC JV Vallur, TNEB-NLC Tuticorin JV, Kudankulam, PFBR Kalpakkam, Neyveli TS-II Expansion
♦Exploring the possibility of adding 10000 MW wind energy through various promoters; Setting up offshore wind power plants;
♦Setting up of Solar Parks;
♦Attract private investments on a commensurate scale;
(ii) Transmission and Distribution
♦Bifurcation of high tension overloaded feeders and installation of capacitor banks at distribution transformers for injection of reactive power;
♦Conversion of low voltage lines to high voltage lines along with feeder separation to reduce the distribution line losses;
♦Segregation of agricultural loads from industrial, commercial, and domestic loads;
♦Adequate transmission network to evacuate the power generated from new plants and to distribute the customers;
♦Improve the efficiency of the agricultural pump sets using appropriate incentive scheme;
♦Solar powered home lighting in 3 lakh Green houses; 1 lakh street lights through solar power;
♦ Energy conservation building code; Energy Star Labeling in Equipments