Learn how to do Surya Namaskar, its advantages, Surya Namaskar mantras, and the step by step poses and position of the 12 postures of Sun Salutation. Surya Namaskar, which literally means ‘Salutation to The Sun’, is a complete meditative technique and one of the popular forms of Hatha Yoga. Surya Namaskar includes Asanas, Pranayama, Mantras and Mudras and practicing this technique daily is beneficial for the health of the individuals. The Pranayama of Surya Namaskar helps for the flow of fresh oxygen into your body and mind and the various body movements stretch all the important organs of the body. Surya Namaskar includes the combination of 12 different postures with a specific breathing pattern which helps to strengthen and unblock the whole system.
Morning is the right time to practice Surya Namaskar as the early morning sunrays are rich source of Vitamin D which is required for strong bones and clear eyesight. You can use a carpet or a small piece of cloth for doing this. There are twelve mantras for each of the twelve postures and these mantras are to be recited for each posture.
Following are the different postures in Surya Namaskar
First Posture – Namaskarasana
Advantages – The mind and body turn out to be healthy
Second Posture – Parvatasana
Lift your arms over your head and shoulders, with palms touching each other. The biceps should touch the ears. Inhale and stretch your abdomen to the maximum extent and tilt backwards.
Mantra – Om Ravaye Namah
Advantages – A good exercise for the shoulders and the food pipe (Esophagus). Vision is also enhanced.
Third Posture – Namaskara Hastapadasana
Breathe in deeply and hold the breath. Bend forward without folding the knees and keep the palms on the floor. Touch your knees with the forehead and exhale deeply. Initially, if you are not able to keep the palms on the floor, you can just touch it with the fingers.
Mantra – Om Suryaya Namaha
Advantages - This exercise is a remedy for belly and digestive ailments. The chest and hands become strong and your body grows to be well balanced. Also, diseases of the feet and fingers are set right.
Fourth Posture – Ekapada Prasaranasana
Breathe in and drag your right leg backward, with the knee and fingers of the foot touching the floor. Press hard the abdomen and belly such that they touch the left leg. Now raise your head as high as possible and look upward. Hold breath and resume in the posture for sometime.
Mantra – Om Bhanave Namaha
Advantages – As this exercise stretches the small intestine and the seminal vesicles, it is a good remedy for constipation and diseases of the liver. Besides, thinness of the semen and diseases of throat are also corrected.
Fifth Posture – Bhudharasana
Breathe in deeply and hold it. Pull both the legs backwards and keep the thumbs of the feet, ankles and knees touching each other. Keep the head, waist, the back and the elbows in a line and bend forward with the palms on the floor. Your body looks like a bow now.
Mantra – Om Khagaya Namaha
Advantages – This movement helps to relieve from the pains – especially of arms, legs and the knees. It is also good for the abdominal disorders.
Sixth Posture – Ashthanga Pranipatasana
Inhale and hold the breath. Keep the knees on the floor and make the chest and forehead to touch the floor. The palms are to be placed on the side of the chest. Ensure that the abdomen should not touch the floor and drag it.
Mantra – Om Pusane Namaha
Advantages – This exercise makes the arms strong and if ladies perform this Asana before getting pregnant, the child could be prevented from many diseases.
Seventh Position – Bhujangasana
Advantages – Apart from toning up the body and the back muscles, this Asana improves eyesight. Disorders related to the reproductive system and the irregularities in female’s menstrual cycle are corrected. Also improves blood circulation.
Eighth Posture – Bhudharasana
Ninth Posture – Ekapada Prasaranasana
Mantra – Om Adityaya Namaha
Tenth Posture – Namaskara Hastapadasana
Eleventh Posture – Parvatasana
Twelfth Posture – Namaskarasana
This full round of Surya Namaskar can be repeated as many times as possible.
“Om Sri Savitra Soorya Narayanaaya Namah”
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