Indian road network, with an estimated length of about 4,689,842 kilometers, is the 2nd largest in the world. It consists of expressways, national highways, state highways, peripheral roads and local roads.
Yamuna Expressway, Uttar Pradesh
Also known as Taj Expressway, Yamuna Expressway is a 165 km long, a 6-lane controlled-access expressway. It connects Greater Noida with Agra located in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It was formally inaugurated on 9th Aug, 2012 by the Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav and was thrown open to the public. The total project cost is approx Rs.13000 crores. The beautiful expressway includes long flyovers, 7 interchanges and many major bridges along with elevated highway of few kilo meters.
It is India’s longest six-lane controlled-access expressway facilitated with CCTV, SOS booths for safety and accident assistance, mobile radars to monitor compliance with minimum and maximum speed limits as well and one highway patrol at every 25 km.
The main objective of building this expressway was to reduce the travel time between New Delhi and Agra from 4 hours to 100 minutes and also to open up avenue for industrial and urban development of the region, for convergence to tourism and also other allied industries.
The 158 kilometer, 8 eight lane Hyderabad Outer Ring Road expressway encircling the City of Hyderabad is one of the longest expressway in the country. It is built at a cost of Rs.6,696 crore and with an assistance of Rs.3,123 crore from the Japan International Cooperation Agency.
The main objective behind constructing the ORR was decongestion of the metropolitan area and the inner ring road, provision of orbital linkage to radial arterial roads, development of satellite townships, providing linkage to bus systems, speedy access to the International Airport and to improve connectivity between the outer suburbs of Hyderabad.
The ORR has 14 junctions for entry and exit which are Shamshabad Junction, AP Police Academy, Nanakramguda, Gachibowli, Pantancheru, Dommarapochampalli, Shamirpet, Cherial, Annojiguda, Ghatkesar, Pedda Amberpet, Bongloor and Kandlakoya junction. The main part of the ORR covers nodes like Hitech city, Nanakramguda and the international airport.
Mumbai Nashik Expressway, Maharashtra
A 150 km long expressway, Mumbai Nashik Expressway connects the financial capital Mumbai to the holy city Nashik. It is one of the major gateways to connect Mumbai with rest of the Indian cities.
This expressway is one of the largest Build-Operate-Transfer road projects in India that was built at the cost of Rs.40 billion.
It is part of the Mumbai-Nashik segment of National Highway 3.The project involves four-laning of the 99.5 km Vadape-Gonde (Mumbai-Nasik) section of the National Highway-3. The road has been developed by Gammon, Sadbhav Engineering Limited and B.E. Billimoria & Co. The Mumbai-Nashik Expressway is quite important for both the cities as it is expected to decrease the travelling time between these two cities to just four hours.
Bangalore-Mysore Expressway, Karnataka
Also known as Bangalore-Mysore Infrastructure Corridor, the Bangalore-Mysore Expressway is 111 km long proposed 4 to 6 lane private tolled expressway that intends to connect the two important cities of Bengaluru and Mysore in the state of Karnataka. This is being constructed by Nandi Infrastructure Corridor Enterprises chaired by Ashok Kheny on Build-Own-Operate-Transfer basis.
The four-lane, 111km concrete expressway is expected to cut driving time between the two cities from the present four hours to 90 minutes.
Ahmedabad Vadodara Expressway, Gujarat
The 95 km long, Ahmedabad-Vadodara Expressway replace the National Highway 8, which is one of the busiest national highways in India. It connects one of the green city, Ahmedabad with Vadodara. It is a part of the Golden Quadrilateral project that was constructed mainly to reduce the travel time between the two cities from two and a half hours to one hour.