TOTAKASHTAKAM – for Stress Relief #Spritituality #Hinduism


VIDITAKILA SASTRA SUDHA JALATHE

MAHITOPA NISATKATHI TARTHANIDHE

HRDAYEKALAYE VIMALAM SARANAM

BHAVA SANKARA DESIKA ME SARANAM ||1||

 

O THOU, THE KNOWER OF ALL THE MILK-OCEAN OF SCRIPTURES! THE EXPOUNDER OF THE TOPICS OF GREAT UPANISADIC TREASURE-TROVE! ON THY FAULTLESS FEET I MEDITATE IN MY HEART. BE THOU MY REFUGE O MASTER, SANKARA

 

KARUNA VARUNALAYA PALAYA MAM

BHVASAGARA DUKHA VIDUNAHRDAM

RACAYAKHILA DARSHANA THATVANIDAM

BHAVA SANKARA DESIKA ME SARANAM ||2||

 

O THE OCEAN OF CAMPASSION! SAVE ME WHOSE HEART IS TORMENTED BY THE MISERY OF THE SEA OF BIRTH! MAKE ME UNDERSTAND THE TRUTHS OF ALL THE SCHOOLS OF PHILOSOPHY! BE THOU MY REFUGE O MASTER, SANKARA

 

BHAVATA JANATA SUHITA BHAVITA

NIJABODHA VICARANA CHARUMATE

KALAYESHVARA JIVA VIVEKAVIDAM

BHAVA SANKARA DESIKA ME SARANAM ||3||

 

BY THEE, THE MASSES HAVE BEEN MADE HAPPY. O THOU WHO HAST A NOBLE INTELLECT SKILLED IN THE INQUIRY INTO SELF-KNOWLEDGE! ENABLE ME TO UNDERSTAND THE WISDOM RELATING TO GOD AND THE SOUL. BE THOU MY REFUGE O MASTER, SANKARA

 

BHAVA EVA BHAVANITI ME NITARAM

SAMAJAYATA CHETASI KAUTUKITA

MAMAVARAYA MOHA MAHAJALADHIM

BHAVA SANKARA DESIKA ME SARANAM ||4||

 

KNOWING THAT THOU ART VERILY THE SUPREME LORD, THERE ARISES OVERWHELMING BLISS IN MY HEART. PROTECT ME FROM THE VAST OCEAN OF DELUSION. BE THOU MY REFUGE O MASTER, SANKARA

 

SUKRTE DHIKRETE BAHIDHA BHAVATO

BHAVITA SAMA DARSHANA LALASATA

ATIHINAMIMAM PARIPALAYA MAM

BHAVA SANKARA DESIKA ME SARANAM ||5||

 

DESIRE FOR THE INSIGHT INTO UNITY THROUGH THEE WILL SPRING ONLY WHEN VIRTUOUS DEEDS ARE PERFORMED IN ABUNDANCE AND IN VARIOUS DIRECTIONS. PROTECT THIS EXTREMELY HELPLESS PERSON. BE THOU MY REFUGE O MASTER, SANKARA

 

JAGATIMAVITUM KALITAKRITAYO

VICHARANTI MAHAMANA SASCHALATAH

AHIMAM STURIVATRA VIBHASI GURO

BHAVA SANKARA DESIKA ME SARANAM ||6||

 

OH TEACHER! FOR SAVING THE WORLD, THE GREAT ASSUME VARIOUS FORMS AND WANDER IN DISGUISE. OF THEM, THOU SHINEST LIKE THE SUN. BE THOU MY REFUGE O MASTER, SANKARA

 

GURUPUNGAVA PUNGAVA KETANA TE

SAMATAM AYATAM NAHI KO’PI SUDHIH

SARANAGATAVATSALA TATTVINIDHE

BHAVA SANKARA DESIKA ME SARANAM ||7||

 

O THE BEST OF THE TEACHERS! THE SUPREME LORD HAVING THE BULL AS BANNER! NONE OF THE WISE IS EQUAL TO THEE! THOU WHO ART COMPASSIONATE TO THOSE WHO HAVE TAKEN REFUGE! THE TREASURE TROVE OF TRUTH! BE THOU MY REFUGE O MASTER, SANKARA

 

VIDITA NA MAYA VISHATAIKAKALA

NACHA KINCANA KANCANAMASTI GURO

DRUTAMEVA VIDEHI KRUPAM SAHAJAM

BHAVA SANKARA DESIKA ME SARANAM ||8||

 

NOT EVEN A SINGLE BRANCH OF KNOWLEDGE HAS BEEN UNDERSTOOD BY ME CORRECTLY. NOT EVEN THE LEAST WEALTH DO I POSSESS, O TEACHER. BESTOW ON ME QUICKLY THY NATURAL GRACE. BE THOU MY REFUGE O MASTER, SANKARA

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There is Nobody to Blame for Anything


Let’s start by stating a bold claim that you’ve probably never heard before. Upon first hearing this claim, you’ll most likely think it to be ridiculous and absurd, but by the end of this article, you’ll see the utterly obvious truth of it, and you’ll never look at the world the same way again. Are you ready for it? Here it is…

 There is no cause of anything.

 That’s right. Nothing “causes” anything else to happen… ever. Now let me explain why.

 As an example, let’s say that a man needs milk, and he walks several blocks to the corner store to buy it. After purchasing the milk he begins his walk home, but while crossing the street there’s a drunk driver that doesn’t notice the stop sign at the intersection where the man is crossing. At the very last second the drunk driver slams on his breaks, but it’s too late, and he hits the man crossing the street.

 Now, with our current mindset, the vast majority of people would automatically say that the drunk driver “caused” this to happen. Or did he?

 If we just take a step back in the way we perceive things, we could just as easily say that the man was hit by that drunk driver because cars were invented. Or because the wheel was invented. Or because of the development of technology. Or because somebody figured out how to make pavement for driving on.

 Maybe the man was hit because of his neediness for milk. Or because his wife sent him to the store. Or because of his wife’s enjoyment of breakfast cereal. Maybe it’s because people drink milk. Or perhaps it happened because cows exist.

 Maybe it happened because the man chose to live in the exact location that he does. Or maybe it was because that was the only house on the market that he could afford, and he could only afford that house because of the job he has, and he has that job because he dropped out of high school.

 Maybe he was hit by the drunk driver because of the precise speed in which the man walks, and the exact time he got there. Or because he had to stop to re-tie his shoe lace that had come undone. Or because he didn’t tie them properly when he first left his house. Or because he chose to wear that specific pair of shoes to walk to the store. Or because he chose to buy those exact shoes. Or because he could only afford those shoes.

 Maybe it’s because the city chose to install a stop sign instead of traffic lights. Or because stop signs aren’t twice as big. Or because they’re not fluorescent yellow.

 What if the whole incident happened because the man decided to walk to the store instead of driving? Or what if it was because the store was built at that location? Or because the owner of the store decided that was a good place to set up shop?

 Perhaps it was because the drunk driver was born. Or because the man buying milk was born. Or because either of the men’s parents had sex. Or because his parent’s parents had sex. Or because any of these people ever met each other in the first place.

 What if it was because the human species evolved in the manner that it did? Or because life came to be on the planet? Or maybe it was because of the “big bang” (if that’s how it happened). Maybe it’s because the physical universe exists.

 It might have been because of the location of the bar that the drunk driver was drinking at. Or because the drunk driver had to be home at a certain time. Or because the drunk driver had to work in the morning. Or because his taste buds like the taste of alcohol. Or because he’s not able to overcome his addiction despite all of his efforts. Or because nobody has taken him to an AA meeting.

 The drunk driver may certainly be irresponsible, and maybe he lacks proper judgment, but that certainly isn’t “the cause”. It’s only one tiny minute reason out of a literally infinite and unending number of factors within all of existence. There is no end to the amount of circumstances that come into play, and not a single one of them is the cause of anything else.

 So let us repeat the lesson learned… There is no cause of anything… ever. There are only automatic effects and consequences. Everything is happening of its own, as a spontaneous result.

 Most importantly of all, if there is no cause of anything, there is nothing and nobody to blame for anything, and if there is nothing to blame, then there is absolutely nothing to be angry about. Everything just is what it is, and we have no choice but to accept it. No matter what’s happing in the universe, it’s perfect, and it can’t possibly be anything but. This understanding literally forces us to fully accept absolutely everything as it is. There is nothing to complain about and we have no choice but to forgive everybody for everything they have ever done, no matter what that might have been.

 What a person does, and chooses, is determined by what a person is, and what they are is determined by what they are aware of. Everybody is exactly what they are currently aware of, and what they are currently aware of is based upon an infinite number of factors.

 We might all be learning from “mistakes”, but at least we can all be at peace (of mind) with each other as life unfolds. The whole concept of causation is an entirely false ingrained perception that is in everybody’s best interest to let go of. If everybody had this understanding, we would have total world peace because nobody would be acting out of anger, blame, resentment, hate, or fear. Everybody would fully accept, forgive, respect, and love all of life for what it is. And we would no longer need lawyers.

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5 Social Media Trends To Be Followed By An Entrepreneur


As the social media’s growth is rapid these days it is important for an entrepreneur to be updated in all the trends catching up to reach people better. So here are some media trends which are to be in the minds of an entrepreneur to excel better.

#1.Diversify

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When it comes to setting up a new business, social networking sites are to be considered. But the question is how many? The answer would be most of them, as reaching out it to people is very essential. Even though socializing is very necessary here, managing a lot of them would be a difficult task. So depending on resources and time, it is better to have as many as social networking sites as you can to establish yourself.

The most important point, do not stick on to one site as you can never predict when the sites will go off air. If the site shuts down, you will lose all your connections and work. So make it a point to keep your connections active on other sites too.

#2.Visual content

Visual content plays a very important role in social media business these days. About 63 percent of the social media websites use visual content to convey their ideas to people.  Video content on the social media platforms through apps like Vine and Instagram featuring microvideos, and info graphics delivering messages in an innovative way have widely caught eyes of people. 

#3.Social media, SEO, Content Creation

For an entrepreneur it is very important to think that all the three social media, SEO and content creation are the wheels of online marketing. These three factors relate to increase in the visual response, building your brand, gather customers and increase sales.

#4.Social media as a brand builder

Building your brand through social media impacts on the SEO and helps increase sales. Focusing on building your brand should be the key.

All these years of evolutions in social media have clearly taught us one thing, the entrepreneur with an engaged approach and flexibility will get huge returns on the investment. Learning the latest trends in social media marketing, targeting your goals and willing to experiment the tactics will help you grow and make changes as your business develops.

#5. Google+

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Google+ is the social media site in which every entrepreneur should have his focus on. Surprisingly, Facebook and Twitter have no influence on the SEO rankings and Google+ is the best way to access the Google authority which will play a major role in the SEO by the end of the year.

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India’s Mars mission crosses half the distance


Cruising towards a historic feat, the Indian space mission to Mars today crossed half the total distance to the red planet from Earth and was very much along the designated helio-centric trajectory.

 The Mars Orbiter Mission spacecraft crossed the mid-point of its path to Mars, thereby has travelled 337.5 million km in its elliptical orbit around the sun, ISRO sources said.

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It took four minutes and 15 seconds for a message to reach the spacecraft and return, they said.

Incidentally, the spacecraft is crossing half the total distance on its way to Mars, a day after Earth was at its closest to the red planet, in their respective orbits.

The mission was very much in track and it was evident with the fact that the second Trajectory Correction Manouvre (TCM) planned on the spacecraft has now been considered not necessary and is expected to be performed only in June, scientists said.

ISRO has been continuously monitoring the spacecraft using its Deep Space Network complemented by that of Jet Propulsion Laboratory of the NASA and the five scientific instruments onboard the craft were “in good health.”

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India’s Engineering Wonders: 5 Longest Expressways in The Country


Indian road network, with an estimated length of about 4,689,842 kilometers, is the 2nd largest in the world. It consists of expressways, national highways, state highways, peripheral roads and local roads.

Yamuna Expressway, Uttar Pradesh

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Also known as Taj Expressway, Yamuna Expressway is a 165 km long, a 6-lane controlled-access expressway. It connects Greater Noida with Agra located in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It was formally inaugurated on 9th Aug, 2012 by the Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav and was thrown open to the public. The total project cost is approx Rs.13000 crores. The beautiful expressway includes long flyovers, 7 interchanges and many major bridges along with elevated highway of few kilo meters.

It is India’s longest six-lane controlled-access expressway facilitated with CCTV, SOS booths for safety and accident assistance, mobile radars to monitor compliance with minimum and maximum speed limits as well and one highway patrol at every 25 km.
The main objective of building this expressway was to reduce the travel time between New Delhi and Agra from 4 hours to 100 minutes and also to open up avenue for industrial and urban development of the region, for convergence to tourism and also other allied industries.

Outer Ring Road, Hyderabad

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The 158 kilometer, 8 eight lane Hyderabad Outer Ring Road expressway encircling the City of Hyderabad is one of the longest expressway in the country. It is built at a cost of Rs.6,696 crore and with an assistance of Rs.3,123 crore from the Japan International Cooperation Agency.

The main objective behind constructing the ORR was decongestion of the metropolitan area and the inner ring road, provision of orbital linkage to radial arterial roads, development of satellite townships, providing linkage to bus systems, speedy access to the International Airport and to improve connectivity between the outer suburbs of Hyderabad.
The ORR has 14 junctions for entry and exit which are Shamshabad Junction, AP Police Academy, Nanakramguda, Gachibowli, Pantancheru, Dommarapochampalli, Shamirpet, Cherial, Annojiguda, Ghatkesar, Pedda Amberpet, Bongloor and Kandlakoya junction. The main part of the ORR covers nodes like Hitech city, Nanakramguda and the international airport.

Mumbai Nashik Expressway, Maharashtra

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A 150 km long expressway, Mumbai Nashik Expressway connects the financial capital Mumbai to the holy city Nashik. It is one of the major gateways to connect Mumbai with rest of the Indian cities.
This expressway is one of the largest Build-Operate-Transfer road projects in India that was built at the cost of Rs.40 billion.

It is part of the Mumbai-Nashik segment of National Highway 3.The project involves four-laning of the 99.5 km Vadape-Gonde (Mumbai-Nasik) section of the National Highway-3. The road has been developed by Gammon, Sadbhav Engineering Limited and B.E. Billimoria & Co. The Mumbai-Nashik Expressway is quite important for both the cities as it is expected to decrease the travelling time between these two cities to just four hours.

Bangalore-Mysore Expressway, Karnataka

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CLOVER-LEAF-on-Peripheral-Road-Expressway-Junction

Also known as Bangalore-Mysore Infrastructure Corridor, the Bangalore-Mysore Expressway is 111 km long proposed 4 to 6 lane private tolled expressway that intends to connect the two important cities of Bengaluru and Mysore in the state of Karnataka. This is being constructed by Nandi Infrastructure Corridor Enterprises chaired by Ashok Kheny on Build-Own-Operate-Transfer basis.

The four-lane, 111km concrete expressway is expected to cut driving time between the two cities from the present four hours to 90 minutes.

Ahmedabad Vadodara Expressway, Gujarat 

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The 95 km long, Ahmedabad-Vadodara Expressway replace the National Highway 8, which is one of the busiest national highways in India. It connects one of the green city, Ahmedabad with Vadodara. It is a part of the Golden Quadrilateral project that was constructed mainly to reduce the travel time between the two cities from two and a half hours to one hour.

 

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Best Andriod Apps To Keep Yourself Updated About The Election #LSpolls2014


Lok sabha Election of 2014 is made special with the advent of mobile applications, which enables the users to view and share election updates with others. The traditional methods such as door to door campaign and rallies have proved insufficient to influence the tech savvy generation. Considering fact, many mobile app developers have come up with applications that are available on the play store or can be downloaded for free. Check out some top apps that will help you track the upcoming Lok Sabha election thus enabling you to make vote smarter, as compiled by Yahoo News.

 

Election India

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Election India provides mock voting option for the users to vote for their preferred political parties. This app includes detailed descriptions regarding election updates, political parties, political leaders, political videos, Facebook fan page and more. This also includes brief information about the current party president, party website link, and major political parties in India. Using Election India, users can write reviews on their political parties and can check the reviews from other app users as well. Election India also provides previous election results that contain information about the elected Prime Minister, party seats, and other major parties. Mock voting results can be viewed state wise and party wise for each individual state.

Election Watch Reporter (EWR)

 

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EWR is an app that reports complaints regarding election breaches. Users can use this app to file complaints regarding the violation of electoral rules,or expenditures done by the candidates during their campaigns. Users can add images and locations with their complaints which then can be reported to the Election Commission directly. Election Watch Reporter allows its users to file complaints under sections such as Media Advertising, Election Rally, Misuse of Official Vehicles, Liquor or Drugs Distribution and more.

Voter List LS 2014

 

This app provides the access to the detailed electorate lists for the upcoming elections. The app provides a state wise list of the voters. The entire states and the union territories of the nation are supported by this app. The simple and easy to use interface of Voter List LS 2014 app also enables the users to get the voters details in their local constituency as well with great ease.

 

Elect For India

 

This app enables the users to view the political candidates nominated for 2014 Lok Sabha Elections. Using this app users can leave their opinion vote and also can view the opinion results. Voting schedule for 2014 election can also be viewed using this app. Users can view the latest news, videos and updates about the election. Elect For India also helps the users to share the candidate details to their friends via Facebook and Twitter.

Voting Line

 

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This app provides the opportunity to experience real time voting trends throughout India. Users can evaluate the prevailing political trends of the country using this app. Voting Line facilitates the users to select right political leader for the country and also helps to evaluate  the opinions and current   scenarios Using this app one can vote for both Loksabha and Vidhan Sabha Constituencies on a daily basis. Users can also check the voting percentage of different political parties on a daily and monthly basis. Voting reports are organized based on the votes casted by the users of this app. Report can be analyzed on various listing options including age, education, state, and religion. The app keeps the information regarding the users and their voting opinions confidential.

India Politics

 

India Politics enables the users to watch events and speeches of their favorite leaders through Social Media such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube. This app updates latest news and trends about general elections, election dates and results, tweets from political leaders and parties. It also provides previous election results from all the major political parties in a state wise list.

 

Indian Election

 

Indian Election is an official app by the Election Commission of India which helps users to find their nearest polling booth. Using this app, people can enroll in to the voting list or confirm their enlistment. The app also enables the user to update or correct their personal information in voting list. This app can be downloaded from play store and is available for iOS, Android, and Windows operating systems.

 

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15 Most Successful Female Entrepreneurs in India #WiFiWomen


1. Indra Nooyi

Current position:  CFO, Pepsico

Indra Nooyi

Indra Nooyi,56, is the current chairman and CFO of the second largest food and beverage business, PepsiCo.

Born in Chennai, Indra did her Bachelor’s in Science from Madras Christian College in 1974 and a Post Graduate Diploma in Management (MBA) from Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta in 1976.

Beginning her career in India, Nooyi held product manager positions at Johnson & Johnson and textile firm Mettur Beardsell. Nooyi joined PepsiCo in 1994 and was named president and CFO in 2001.

She has been conferred with prestigious Padma Bhushan for her business achievements and being an inspiration to India’s corporate leadership.

 

2. Naina Lal Kidwai

Current position:  Group General Manager & Country Head – HSBC,India

Naina Lal Kidwai

Naina Lal Kidwai,55,  is presently the Group General Manager and Country Head of HSBC India.

Naina has a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from Delhi university and an MBA from Harvard Business school. In fact, Kidwai was the first Indian woman to graduate from Harvard Business School.

She started her career with ANZ Grindlays . Presently, she is also serving as a non-executive director on the board of Nestle SA. Kidwai is also global advisor at Harvard Business school.

Indian government conferred  Padma Shri award on Naina for her contributions in the field of Trade and Industry.

3. Kiran Mazumdar Shaw

Current position: CMD, Biocon

Kiran Mazumdar Shaw

Kiran,59, is the founder Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of Biocon Limited.

Born in Bangalore, Shaw completed her Bachelors in Zoology from Mount Carmel College, Bangalore University. She later did her post-graduation in Malting and Brewing from Ballarat College, Melbourne University.

She worked as a trainee brewer in Carlton and United Breweries, Melbourne and as a trainee maltster at Barrett Brothers and Burston, Australia.

She started Biocon in 1978 and spearheaded its evolution from an industrial enzymes manufacturing company to a fully integrated bio-pharmaceutical company.

Today Biocon under Shaw’s leadership has established itself as a leading player in biomedicine research with a focus on diabetes and oncology.

Kiran  is also a member of the board of governors of the prestigious Indian School of Business and Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad.

Kiran received  the prestigious Padma Shri (1989) and the Padma Bhushan (2005) from the government of India.

 

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Current position: MD & CEO – ICICI Bank

Chanda Kochar

Chanda Kochar, 51, is currently the MD & CEO of india’s largest private bank ICICI Bank.

Rajasthan born chanda got Masters Degree in Management Studies from Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai. She received the Wockhardt Gold Medal for Excellence in Management Studies as well as the J. N. Bose Gold Medal in Cost Accountancy.

Chanda Kochhar  is married to Deepak Kochhar, a wind energy entrepreneur and her Business schoolmate.

 

5. Indu Jain

Designation – Chairperson (former), Times Group

Indu Jain

Indu Jain,76, used to be the chairperson of India’s largest and most powerful media house – The Times Group.

A strong votary of women’s rights and women entrepreneurship, Indu contributed immensely to the growth of Times group. Now, her two sons Samir and Vineet are running the company.

Indu Jain is also founder President of the Ladies wing of FICCI (FLO).

Indu is also the  Chairperson of the Bharatiya Jnanpith Trust, which awards India’s most prestigious and highest literary award, the Jnanpith award.

She addressed the United Nations in 2000 at the Millennium World Peace Summit of Religious and Spiritual Leaders, a speech in which she stressed the need for oneness among faiths and went on to chair a special session of the conference.

 

6. Simone Tata

Current position: Chairperson (Former), Lakme Chairperson (Present),Trent Limited

Simone Tata

French by birth and educated in Switzerland, Simone is wife of Naval Homey Jahangir Tata and step mother to Ratan Tata. She is better known as ‘Cosmetic Czarina of India’.

She has the distinction of changing a small subsidiary of Tata Oil Mills into the largest cosmetic brand in India – Lakme , that became synonymous with indigenous Indian cosmetics.

In 1996 Tata sold off Lakmé to Hindustan Lever Limited (HLL), and created Trent from the money it made through the sale. Presently, Simone is the chairperson of Trent Limited.

 

7. Neelam Dhawan

Current position:  MD, HP-India

Neelam Dhawan

A woman with ‘never-say-die’ spirit, Neelam Dhawan is presently the Managing Director of Hewlett-Packard (HP), India.

Neelam is an iconic figure in Indian IT industry . She is an inspiration for women working in IT sector. She dared to enter the IT world in early 1980s when there were just a handful of women in this industry.

At the start of her career she yearned to be a part of major players in the FMCG space such as Asian Paints and Hindustan Lever.

Unfortunately, these organizations did not want a woman to be a part of their marketing and sales efforts and hence she was rejected at the time.

But a determined Neelam refused to give up and fought back with laurels galore.

Before joining HP, India as Managing Director (MD) , Neelam was Managing Director (MD) of Microsoft, India.

She had successful and rewarding stints with other leading players like IBM and HCL.

               

8. Sulajja Firodia Motwani

Current position: JMD – Kinetic Motors

Sulajja Firodia Motwani

Motwani is the Joint Managing Director of Kinetic Motors.

Sulajja has single-handedly designed and developed marketing strategies to spearhead the company’s growth forward. Sulajja worked in a California-based Investment Company before coming to India to join her grandfather’s business.

Sulajia’s good looks has been recognized by India Today group which named her the ‘Face of the Millennium’ and she has been selected as the ‘Global Leader of Tomorrow’ by the World Economic Forum.

 

9. Priya Paul

Current position: Chairperson, Apeejay Park Hotels

Priya Paul

Priya joined the family business at the age of 22 and worked under her father as Marketing Manager at the Park Hotel, Delhi.

After the death of Surrendra Paul, she succeeded him in 1990 as the Chairperson of the Hospitality Division of the Apeejay Surendra Group.

Her contribution to the hospitality industry has got recognition from the government of India which conferred on her Padma Sri award in 2012.

 

10. Mallika Srinivasan

Current position: Director, TAFE (Tractor and Farm Equipment)

Mallika Srinivasan

Mallika has an MBA from Wharton School of Business, Pennsylvania.

She joined TAFE in 1986 and has since been responsible for accelerating turnover from 85 crores to 2900 crores within a span of two decades.

Her innovative business ideas and excellent leadership qualities have won her laurels from every quarter.

She was awarded ‘Businesswoman of the year 2006’ award by ET.

11. Ekta Kapoor

Current position: JMD & Creative Director, Balaji Telefilms

Ekta Kapoor

Ekta Kapoor is the daughter of legendary star of yesteryears Jeetendra and brother of Bollywood actor Tusshar Kapoor.

Ekta has created a niche for herself in TV serial and film production. She can easily be termed as the most successful female producer of entertainment world.

Ekta has produced many successful films including Kyo Kii… Main Jhuth Nahin Bolta , Kucch To Hai  Love Sex aur Dhokha, Once Upon a Time in Mumbaai, Shor in the City, Ragini MMS, Kyaa Super Kool Hai Hum and The Dirty Picture.

 

12. Ritu Kumar

Current position: Fashion Designer

Ritu Kumar

Ritu Kumar is one of the big names in Indian fashion industry.

Ritu has carved a niche for herself in designing a variety of wardrobes including swimwear, eveningwear, traditional Indian wear, casual wear and formal evening gowns.

She has the distinction of designing costumes of three winning Miss Indias.

Her son Ashvin Kumar is a director, who has made films like Road to Ladakh (2002) and short film Little Terrorist (2004), which was nominated for the 2004 Academy Award for Live Action Short Film, and in which she did the costume design.

 

13. Shahnaz Hussain

Current position: CEO, Shahnaz Herbals Inc

Shahnaz Hussain

Shahnaz Hussain is the biggest name in herbal cosmetics industry in India. She has introduced a number of trend setting herbal products .

Currently, the Shahnaz Husain Group has over 400 franchise clinics across the world covering over 138 countries.

Her pioneering work got recognition from Govt of India when she was conferred with prestigious Padma Shri award in 2006.

 

14. Jyoti nayak

Current Position: President Shri Mahila Griha Udyog Lijjat Papad

Jyoti nayak

Jyoti Naik, is currently the President of Shri Mahila Griha Udyog Lijjat Papad, an Indian women’s cooperative based in Mumbai.

The Khadi and Village Industries Commission of India has conferred the Best Village Industry award on Lijjat Papad from the period 1998-99 to 2000-01.

Jyoti Naik was conferred Businesswomen of the Year (2001-02) for corporate excellence by the Economic Times.

 

15. Ravina Raj Kohli

Current position: Founder & Executive Director, JobCorp

Ravina Raj Kohli

Ravina Raj Kohli is an international media veteran with an experience of 24 years spanning across television and radio broadcasting, advertising, filming and journalism. Ravina is also Indian television’s first woman CEO.

She was CEO of Star news until 2004. Before Star, Ravina worked at Sony Entertainment Television as Head of Content and Communication and with the Kerry Packer owned Channel 9 on the Doordarshan platform as CEO.

She has earned a Diploma from the London School of Journalism, as well as a Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology, Economics and Literature from Bangalore University.

 

 

 

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Four Decades On, India Still Struggling To Empower Women Voters


India still witnesses imbalanced sex ratio when it comes to registration of voters. Recently, the Election Commission brought out some pretty surprising statistics which shows India’s continuing story of gender inequities since 1971, during the time when the gender break-up of electorates was first recorded, reports Tina Edwin of IndiaSpend.

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Out of the overall 23.16 million first-time voters enrolled voters for the 16th Lok Sabha polls,  just 41 percent of the 18-19 year-olds registered voters are women, 96 lakh of them as against 1.4 crore new male voters. In India, states like Haryana, Maharashtra, Punjab, Chandigarh and Gujarat have the most skewed electoral sex ratios.

Ashok Jain, chief electoral officer, said, “We have been consistently motivating and encouraging women voters by engaging them in several SVEEP (Systematic Voters Education and Electoral Participation) activities,” reports TOI.

Though the time has changed with improved literacy, intervention of government agencies and aggressive efforts of political parties to bring more people to vote, it is the patriarchal nature of Indian society that fails to bring in more female voters.

With a motive to engage more women, the EC has launched various campaigns like appealing to them to vote through household items like gas cylinders and advertisements on all means of media. Not just this, even while registration, the election officers ensured that more women participate in the process by asking men to come with their wives so that they too receive voter ID cards.

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Reason why TamilNadu suffers from dire Electricity shortage


The major reasons for the power crisis in Tamil Nadu are the following

1. Absence of a long term vision to increase availability of power by capacity addition and encouraging private investment in power generation compared to other states, over the last 10 years.

2. Overdependence on outside sources.

3. Considerable dependence on wind energy which is highly seasonal in nature and therefore not completely reliable.

4. Failure to reduce power transmission losses in the last 10 years.

1.Lack of long term vision

The following stats demonstrates how the gap between  requirement and availability of power in Tamil Nadu has altered significantly in comparison with other industrialized states between 2003-04 and 2010-11.

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Comparing this with the situation in 2003-04, it can be seen that the status of deficits in most of the states was the same, except in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Tamil Nadu, in particular, only had a deficit of around 1% in 2003-04. This deficit has been increasing rapidly, especially in the last five years as can be seen from the graph below:

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Anticipating a huge increase in demand, driven by economic growth, states such as Maharashtra, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh put in added efforts to increase the availability of power. This was done both by increasing own capacity and by encouraging private investment in power generation. On the contrary, such a long term vision to increase availability of power was absent in Tamil Nadu.

Further, installed capacity in Tamil Nadu increased from around 13,000 MW at the end of the 10th plan to around 14,700 MW in 2010-11, representing an increase of around 12%. This represents the least capacity addition among all the states in this period.  States such as Maharashtra and Gujarat have capacity additions of 53% and 21% respectively. States such as Rajasthan and West Bengal increased capacity by as much as 43% and 47% respectively. This is explained in the table below:

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The graph below will help you visualize better

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2. Overdependence on external sources

There are five main sources of power in a state  – own generation, central allocation, power purchased from IPPs, short term power from the exchange and other sources (including wind mills). The sources of power for the various states considered here are shown below

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As can be seen from the above graph, among all the states, Tamil Nadu is the most dependent on outside sources.

3. Over dependence on wind energy

All the capacity additions in Tamil Nadu were in private wind generation (R.E.S), which, as mentioned before, is highly seasonal. This can be seen from
the graph below, which shows sector wise capacity additions over the last three years:

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Thus as mentioned before, the reason for the low generation by the state sector is the absence of investments by the state in stable internal sources.

4. Failure to reduce Transmission and Distribution losses

Tamil Nadu also has relatively low T&D and AT&C losses of 18% and 19.5% respectively. Even though these values are relatively low, they have remained at these levels for the past ten years. Tamil Nadu is the only state which has not reduced its T&D losses and improved the system over the years. This is evident from the following graph which shows the movement of T&D losses in the different states since 2002-03.

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The main problem faced by Tamil Nadu in transmission is with respect to  congestion in the Southern grid. The following table shows the capacity of the Indian electricity grid.  Further, the southern grid is currently running at full capacity. This is a major problem for a state like Tamil Nadu which is dependent on outside sources of power. As can be seen from the graph below, the amount that can be transferred to the Southern Region is not high. (I am guessing the Kudankulam plant will solve this problem).

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Future Projections

1. Projected Demand for Power

The graph below shows projected power demand in Tamil Nadu till 2015-16.

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The following shows the break up of the demand sector wise:

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2. Supply of Power

Total capacity that will be added in the state from 2011-12 to 2015-16 is 7310 MW, out of which 1860 MW will come from the state sector, 4250 MW from the central sector and 1200 MW from the private sector. The plants coming up in the state in the next five years are shown in the graph below.

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The total power made available through capacity additions in the year 2011-12 is expected to be 11,536 MU out of which 6384 MU is generated from TNEB’s own capacity additions, while 4059 MU is allocated from capacity additions of Central Generating Stations (CGSs) within the state. Further, a capacity of 1093 MU will be allocated from CGSs outside the state (namely, NTPC’s Simhadri power plant in Andhra Pradesh and Kaiga APS in Karnataka). In 2012-13, an additional 2770 MU of power is expected to be made available due to further capacity additions by NTPC in the state. The graph also shows an increase in existing capacity from 65420 MU to 88478 MU. This increase is mainly due to higher generation through increased utilization of the plants commissioned in the previous year. In 2013-14, only one plant is likely to be commissioned. This is the 1200 MW thermal power plant, Coastal Energen, Tuticourin.

Strategies to be adopted by the state government: (Taken from the Draft of the 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17) of Tamil Nadu)


(i) Capacity Addition

♦Taking up new projects-North Chennai Stage III and IV, Udangudi project and its expansion, Ennore Annex, Kundah Pumped Storage, Uppur thermal power project, ETPS replacement, Tuticorin stage IV,
Cheyyur Ultra Mega Power Project etc.

♦Speeding up and expediting the completion of on going projects-North Chennai Stage II, Mettur State III, TNEB-NTPC JV Vallur, TNEB-NLC Tuticorin JV, Kudankulam, PFBR Kalpakkam, Neyveli TS-II Expansion
etc.

♦Exploring the possibility of adding 10000 MW wind  energy through various promoters; Setting up offshore wind power plants;

♦Setting up of Solar Parks;

♦Attract private investments on a commensurate scale;

(ii) Transmission and Distribution


♦Enhancing transformer capacities in the existing sub stations;

♦Bifurcation of high tension overloaded feeders and installation of capacitor banks at distribution transformers for injection of reactive power;

♦Conversion of low voltage lines to high voltage lines along with feeder separation to reduce the distribution line losses;

♦Segregation of agricultural loads from industrial, commercial, and domestic loads;

♦Adequate transmission network to evacuate the power generated from new plants and to distribute the customers;


(iii) Energy Conservation


♦Implementing Bachat Lamp Yojana (BLY) scheme to increase energy efficiency in domestic sector;

♦Improve the efficiency of the agricultural pump sets using appropriate incentive scheme;

♦Solar powered home lighting in 3 lakh Green houses; 1 lakh street lights through solar power;

♦  Energy conservation building code; Energy Star Labeling in Equipments


(iv) Fiscal Health of Power Sector


♦ Make the distribution system financially viable during the Twelfth Plan by rational pricing, bringing modern systems of management, use of IT, enforcement of accountability and privatization or franchising.

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Few Longest Train Routes of India


Which is your preferred mode of transport for long distance travel- flight or train? Flight saves time, but there’s the inconvenience of cramped space and security checks. Besides a flight journey falls short of emanating that romantic charm despite the presence of those charming flight attendants. This is where a train journey fits in. Imagine yourself inside a train rushing past the towns and villages of India- giving you glimpses of fascinating landscapes, the weather changing every few hours and the food presenting distinctive changes in aroma in each of your meal. Then, there’s the exciting prospect of meeting perfect strangers, getting into conversation with them and discovering ways of life so different from your own. So, hurry up! Dust off that travel bag and choose one route from the below mentioned list of 1o longest routes.

Kerala Sampark Kranti Express
Train Number: 12218
Starting Point: Chandigarh (Punjab)
Ending Point: Thiruvananthpuram (Kerala)

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Running at an average speed of 57killo meters per hour, it covers a distance of 3415kms in 57 hours and 35 minutes. It takes 21 halts. It traverses through Punjab, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala. This train runs once in a week.

Guwahati- Ernakulam Express
Train Number: 12508
Starting Point: Guwahati (Assam)
Ending Point: Ernakulam (Kerala)

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It runs at an average speed of 55killo meters per hour. It travels 3337kms in 59 hours and 45 minutes. It takes halts in 43 places. It’s a weekly train service. It passes through the states of Assam, West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and finally reaches Kerala.

Dehradun- Kochuveli Weekly Superfast Express
Train Number: 12288
Starting Point: Dehradun (Uttarakhand)
End Point: thiruvananthpuram (Kerala)

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It covers a distance of 3459kms in 61hours and 10 minutes. It traverses through Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharastra, Karnataka and Kerala. It halts at 25 places. It runs once a week.

Raptisagar Express
Train Number: 12522
Starting Point: Ernakulam (Kerala)
Ending Point: Barauni (Bihar)

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Raptisagar is a super fast express running at an average speed of 55km per hour. It covers a distance of 3441kms in 62 hours. It takes 61 halts. It’s a weekly train service. The train passes through Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Dehradun- Kochuveli Weekly Superfast Express
Train Number: 12288
Starting Point: Dehradun (Uttarakhand)
End Point: thiruvananthpuram (Kerala)

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It covers a distance of 3459kms in 61hours and 10 minutes. It traverses through Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharastra, Karnataka and Kerala. It halts at 25 places. It runs once a week.

Ten Jammu Express
Train Number: 16787
Starting Point: Tirunelveli (Tamil Nadu)
Ending Point: Jammu Tawi (Jammu & Kashmir)

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It passes through Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and Jammu & Kashmir. It covers a total distance of 3561kms in 70 hours. It halts at 70 stops and crosses 518 intermediate stations. This is a biweekly train service.

Guwahati Express
Train Number: 12515
Starting Point: Thiruvanathapuram (Kerala)
Ending Point: Guwahati (Assam)

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This is a super fast train running at an average speed of 54km per hour. It traverses through Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal and Assam. It covers 3552kms in 65 hours. It takes a total 50 halts. It runs once in a week.

Navyug Express
Train number: 166
Starting point: Mangalore (Karnataka)
End Point: Jammu Tawi (Jammu & Kashmir)

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NavYug Express runs through 12 Indian states: Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. It covers a distance of 3609kms in 67 hours. It takes 61 halts. It runs once a week.

Dibrugarh Express
Train Number: 15901
Starting Point: Bangalore (Karnataka)
Ending Point: Dibrugarh (Assam)

dibrugarh-rajdhani-express
Dibrugarh Express started running from 4th January 2010. It’s an express train running at the speed of 51km per hour. It covers a total distance of 3547kms in 68 hours. It takes 33 halts and runs through Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal and Assam. It’™s a weekly train.

Vivek Express (Dibrugarh-Kanyakumari)
Train Number: 15905/15906
Starting Point: Dibrugarh (Assam)
Ending Point: Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu)

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It owes its name to Swami Vivekananda as it started running to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Swamiji. It is an express train, covering a total 4272kms in 82 hours. It travels through the states of Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It takes 54 halts. This is the longest train route in India and the 9th longest in the world.

Himsagar Express
Train Number: 16317/16318
Starting Point: Jammu Tawi (Jammu & Kashmir)
Ending Point: Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu)

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This express train runs at the speed of 53km per hour and traverses a total distance of 3714kms in 70 hours. It passes through 9 Indian states: Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It halts at 71 stations. It runs once a week. It starts at 11.45PM on Monday from Jammu and reaches Kanyakumari at 10.45 PM on Thursday.

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