Reason why TamilNadu suffers from dire Electricity shortage


The major reasons for the power crisis in Tamil Nadu are the following

1. Absence of a long term vision to increase availability of power by capacity addition and encouraging private investment in power generation compared to other states, over the last 10 years.

2. Overdependence on outside sources.

3. Considerable dependence on wind energy which is highly seasonal in nature and therefore not completely reliable.

4. Failure to reduce power transmission losses in the last 10 years.

1.Lack of long term vision

The following stats demonstrates how the gap between  requirement and availability of power in Tamil Nadu has altered significantly in comparison with other industrialized states between 2003-04 and 2010-11.

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Comparing this with the situation in 2003-04, it can be seen that the status of deficits in most of the states was the same, except in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Tamil Nadu, in particular, only had a deficit of around 1% in 2003-04. This deficit has been increasing rapidly, especially in the last five years as can be seen from the graph below:

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Anticipating a huge increase in demand, driven by economic growth, states such as Maharashtra, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh put in added efforts to increase the availability of power. This was done both by increasing own capacity and by encouraging private investment in power generation. On the contrary, such a long term vision to increase availability of power was absent in Tamil Nadu.

Further, installed capacity in Tamil Nadu increased from around 13,000 MW at the end of the 10th plan to around 14,700 MW in 2010-11, representing an increase of around 12%. This represents the least capacity addition among all the states in this period.  States such as Maharashtra and Gujarat have capacity additions of 53% and 21% respectively. States such as Rajasthan and West Bengal increased capacity by as much as 43% and 47% respectively. This is explained in the table below:

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The graph below will help you visualize better

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2. Overdependence on external sources

There are five main sources of power in a state  – own generation, central allocation, power purchased from IPPs, short term power from the exchange and other sources (including wind mills). The sources of power for the various states considered here are shown below

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As can be seen from the above graph, among all the states, Tamil Nadu is the most dependent on outside sources.

3. Over dependence on wind energy

All the capacity additions in Tamil Nadu were in private wind generation (R.E.S), which, as mentioned before, is highly seasonal. This can be seen from
the graph below, which shows sector wise capacity additions over the last three years:

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Thus as mentioned before, the reason for the low generation by the state sector is the absence of investments by the state in stable internal sources.

4. Failure to reduce Transmission and Distribution losses

Tamil Nadu also has relatively low T&D and AT&C losses of 18% and 19.5% respectively. Even though these values are relatively low, they have remained at these levels for the past ten years. Tamil Nadu is the only state which has not reduced its T&D losses and improved the system over the years. This is evident from the following graph which shows the movement of T&D losses in the different states since 2002-03.

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The main problem faced by Tamil Nadu in transmission is with respect to  congestion in the Southern grid. The following table shows the capacity of the Indian electricity grid.  Further, the southern grid is currently running at full capacity. This is a major problem for a state like Tamil Nadu which is dependent on outside sources of power. As can be seen from the graph below, the amount that can be transferred to the Southern Region is not high. (I am guessing the Kudankulam plant will solve this problem).

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Future Projections

1. Projected Demand for Power

The graph below shows projected power demand in Tamil Nadu till 2015-16.

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The following shows the break up of the demand sector wise:

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2. Supply of Power

Total capacity that will be added in the state from 2011-12 to 2015-16 is 7310 MW, out of which 1860 MW will come from the state sector, 4250 MW from the central sector and 1200 MW from the private sector. The plants coming up in the state in the next five years are shown in the graph below.

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The total power made available through capacity additions in the year 2011-12 is expected to be 11,536 MU out of which 6384 MU is generated from TNEB’s own capacity additions, while 4059 MU is allocated from capacity additions of Central Generating Stations (CGSs) within the state. Further, a capacity of 1093 MU will be allocated from CGSs outside the state (namely, NTPC’s Simhadri power plant in Andhra Pradesh and Kaiga APS in Karnataka). In 2012-13, an additional 2770 MU of power is expected to be made available due to further capacity additions by NTPC in the state. The graph also shows an increase in existing capacity from 65420 MU to 88478 MU. This increase is mainly due to higher generation through increased utilization of the plants commissioned in the previous year. In 2013-14, only one plant is likely to be commissioned. This is the 1200 MW thermal power plant, Coastal Energen, Tuticourin.

Strategies to be adopted by the state government: (Taken from the Draft of the 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17) of Tamil Nadu)


(i) Capacity Addition

♦Taking up new projects-North Chennai Stage III and IV, Udangudi project and its expansion, Ennore Annex, Kundah Pumped Storage, Uppur thermal power project, ETPS replacement, Tuticorin stage IV,
Cheyyur Ultra Mega Power Project etc.

♦Speeding up and expediting the completion of on going projects-North Chennai Stage II, Mettur State III, TNEB-NTPC JV Vallur, TNEB-NLC Tuticorin JV, Kudankulam, PFBR Kalpakkam, Neyveli TS-II Expansion
etc.

♦Exploring the possibility of adding 10000 MW wind  energy through various promoters; Setting up offshore wind power plants;

♦Setting up of Solar Parks;

♦Attract private investments on a commensurate scale;

(ii) Transmission and Distribution


♦Enhancing transformer capacities in the existing sub stations;

♦Bifurcation of high tension overloaded feeders and installation of capacitor banks at distribution transformers for injection of reactive power;

♦Conversion of low voltage lines to high voltage lines along with feeder separation to reduce the distribution line losses;

♦Segregation of agricultural loads from industrial, commercial, and domestic loads;

♦Adequate transmission network to evacuate the power generated from new plants and to distribute the customers;


(iii) Energy Conservation


♦Implementing Bachat Lamp Yojana (BLY) scheme to increase energy efficiency in domestic sector;

♦Improve the efficiency of the agricultural pump sets using appropriate incentive scheme;

♦Solar powered home lighting in 3 lakh Green houses; 1 lakh street lights through solar power;

♦  Energy conservation building code; Energy Star Labeling in Equipments


(iv) Fiscal Health of Power Sector


♦ Make the distribution system financially viable during the Twelfth Plan by rational pricing, bringing modern systems of management, use of IT, enforcement of accountability and privatization or franchising.

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Few Longest Train Routes of India


Which is your preferred mode of transport for long distance travel- flight or train? Flight saves time, but there’s the inconvenience of cramped space and security checks. Besides a flight journey falls short of emanating that romantic charm despite the presence of those charming flight attendants. This is where a train journey fits in. Imagine yourself inside a train rushing past the towns and villages of India- giving you glimpses of fascinating landscapes, the weather changing every few hours and the food presenting distinctive changes in aroma in each of your meal. Then, there’s the exciting prospect of meeting perfect strangers, getting into conversation with them and discovering ways of life so different from your own. So, hurry up! Dust off that travel bag and choose one route from the below mentioned list of 1o longest routes.

Kerala Sampark Kranti Express
Train Number: 12218
Starting Point: Chandigarh (Punjab)
Ending Point: Thiruvananthpuram (Kerala)

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Running at an average speed of 57killo meters per hour, it covers a distance of 3415kms in 57 hours and 35 minutes. It takes 21 halts. It traverses through Punjab, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala. This train runs once in a week.

Guwahati- Ernakulam Express
Train Number: 12508
Starting Point: Guwahati (Assam)
Ending Point: Ernakulam (Kerala)

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It runs at an average speed of 55killo meters per hour. It travels 3337kms in 59 hours and 45 minutes. It takes halts in 43 places. It’s a weekly train service. It passes through the states of Assam, West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and finally reaches Kerala.

Dehradun- Kochuveli Weekly Superfast Express
Train Number: 12288
Starting Point: Dehradun (Uttarakhand)
End Point: thiruvananthpuram (Kerala)

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It covers a distance of 3459kms in 61hours and 10 minutes. It traverses through Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharastra, Karnataka and Kerala. It halts at 25 places. It runs once a week.

Raptisagar Express
Train Number: 12522
Starting Point: Ernakulam (Kerala)
Ending Point: Barauni (Bihar)

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Raptisagar is a super fast express running at an average speed of 55km per hour. It covers a distance of 3441kms in 62 hours. It takes 61 halts. It’s a weekly train service. The train passes through Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Dehradun- Kochuveli Weekly Superfast Express
Train Number: 12288
Starting Point: Dehradun (Uttarakhand)
End Point: thiruvananthpuram (Kerala)

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It covers a distance of 3459kms in 61hours and 10 minutes. It traverses through Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharastra, Karnataka and Kerala. It halts at 25 places. It runs once a week.

Ten Jammu Express
Train Number: 16787
Starting Point: Tirunelveli (Tamil Nadu)
Ending Point: Jammu Tawi (Jammu & Kashmir)

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It passes through Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and Jammu & Kashmir. It covers a total distance of 3561kms in 70 hours. It halts at 70 stops and crosses 518 intermediate stations. This is a biweekly train service.

Guwahati Express
Train Number: 12515
Starting Point: Thiruvanathapuram (Kerala)
Ending Point: Guwahati (Assam)

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This is a super fast train running at an average speed of 54km per hour. It traverses through Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal and Assam. It covers 3552kms in 65 hours. It takes a total 50 halts. It runs once in a week.

Navyug Express
Train number: 166
Starting point: Mangalore (Karnataka)
End Point: Jammu Tawi (Jammu & Kashmir)

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NavYug Express runs through 12 Indian states: Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. It covers a distance of 3609kms in 67 hours. It takes 61 halts. It runs once a week.

Dibrugarh Express
Train Number: 15901
Starting Point: Bangalore (Karnataka)
Ending Point: Dibrugarh (Assam)

dibrugarh-rajdhani-express
Dibrugarh Express started running from 4th January 2010. It’s an express train running at the speed of 51km per hour. It covers a total distance of 3547kms in 68 hours. It takes 33 halts and runs through Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal and Assam. It’™s a weekly train.

Vivek Express (Dibrugarh-Kanyakumari)
Train Number: 15905/15906
Starting Point: Dibrugarh (Assam)
Ending Point: Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu)

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It owes its name to Swami Vivekananda as it started running to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Swamiji. It is an express train, covering a total 4272kms in 82 hours. It travels through the states of Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It takes 54 halts. This is the longest train route in India and the 9th longest in the world.

Himsagar Express
Train Number: 16317/16318
Starting Point: Jammu Tawi (Jammu & Kashmir)
Ending Point: Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu)

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This express train runs at the speed of 53km per hour and traverses a total distance of 3714kms in 70 hours. It passes through 9 Indian states: Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It halts at 71 stations. It runs once a week. It starts at 11.45PM on Monday from Jammu and reaches Kanyakumari at 10.45 PM on Thursday.

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Delhi Plagued By Serious Water Shortage


Delhi voted out for a change in politics by bringing in the debutant Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) that had pledged in the party’s agenda to give 700 liters of uncharged water along with a reduction in electricity by 50 percent to the general public, reports The Economic Times
According to the National Survey Organization (NSSO), Delhi’s 15.6 percent of urban households and 29.7 percent of rural households had insufficient water supply throughout the year. This issue also drew support for Arvind kejriwal’s campaign.

Among the worst affected, in comparison with 27 states and 6 union territories was Delhi’s rural households. The other neighboring states like Haryana had sufficient drinking water with 91.3 percent for urban households and 95.8 percent for rural households. Uttar Pradesh topped the list with 96.6 percent of urban households and 97.1 of rural households getting sufficient drinking water throughout the year.

According to the survey conducted in 2012 by NSSO the key indicators of drinking water, sanitation, hygiene and housing condition of India, the all-India average deteriorated from 91.1 percent in urban area in 2008-2009 to 89.6 percent in 2012 and in rural area from 86.2 percent to 85.8 percent. The on premise supply of drinking water was only 46.1 percent in rural households with comparison to 76.8 percent of urban households.

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About 94.2 percent of the rural households and 90 percent of the urban households got “promising quality of drinking water”, than the all-India average of 87.7 percent and 88.1 percent respectively.  The survey also revealed that west Bengal’s urban household got 49 percent and the rural household got 30 percent with better services of on premises water supply. The survey boosted Gujarat which was ahead of Maharashtra with their rural households having 96 percent electricity in the state with comparison to 93 percent from the neighboring state.
However On an average it took 15 minutes by a normal household, to fetch drinking water from out of the premises, at the all-India level. If one has to take only rural areas into consideration, Jharkhand was the state which took the longest of (40 minutes) and Assam with shortest of (10 minutes). Among the urban states with bigger landscape. It was again Jharkhand with (40 minutes) and Delhi with the shortest of (6 minutes).

India Sitting On Ecological Time Bomb: Loses 333 Acres of Forest Daily


India records for a great amount of forest cover being lost. The extent of forest land being diverted across the nation on an average is 135 hectares (around 333 acres) per day, reported Rohith B R for TNN. These diversions are done stating various reasons like coal mines, industrial or river valley projects, thermal power plants, etc, revealed recent data acquired through RTI from the ministry of environment and forests by environmentalists.

The blatant truth is that large tracts of forest land are being handed over to public and private agencies who claim to use the forest land for development projects.

The figure is said to be much higher as the analysis relates only to projects which have sought more than 40 hectares of area, as per Members of the Environment Impact Assessment Resources and Response Centre (eRc), who were instrumental in compiling the data.

Karnataka is one of the states that has been diverting forest land, informed Ritwik Dutta, an advocate with Legal Initiative for Forest and Environment (LIFE). He said that “Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Arunachal Pradesh and Jharkhand are some of the other states which are into largescale diversions. We are compiling state-specific data on the extent of land being diverted,” as reported by TNN.

Dutta is also of the opinion that more awareness is needed among the people to challenge such projects, and they should appeal before the National Green Tribunal (NGT) against diversions.

Further as per Neeraj Vagholikar of Kalpavriksh, an environmental action group, in spite of India losing existing forest cover, the central government releases figures on increase in green cover every year. He said that “The trick is that the forest department manages to add compensatory afforestation programmes to the total forest cover. In reality, such forest cover is virtually non-existent; nobody is sure whether such programmes will be implemented in future or not,” as reported by TNN.

The forest cover deteriorating at such an alarming rate is an indication of feeble laws that fail to protect the green reserves, inturn harming the environment. It is time the government addresses the issues before it is too late. Quoting the great Mahatama Gandhi “Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not every man’s greed.”

The Rape Report: Cases From Across the Country


Thane, Maharashtra

A 40-year-old man from powerloom town of Bhiwandi here was sentenced to seven years of imprisonment by a local court today for abducting and raping a 12-year-old girl in 2010.

Thane Additional Sessions Judge U B Shukla awarded the sentence to Arif Ahmed Memon. He was also slapped with a fine of Rs 10,000.

The girl, a fifth grade student, and the accused were residents of the same locality.

Chikmagalur, Karnataka

Five police personnel, including two women attached to Aldur police station in this district, were today placed under suspension following allegations by a woman that three policemen raped her while she was in their custody, police said.

Western Range IGP Pratap Reddy told reporters here that sub-inspector K R Shivakumar, constables Gururaj, K B Mahesh, woman constable Krithika and woman assistant sub-inspector Nandita Shetty have been suspended pending probe on the complaint filed by the victim.

The victim alleged that the three policemen sexually assaulted her on February 18 in Bangalore when they took her into custody in connection with a gold chain theft case.

The two women police personnel were present when the victim was taken into custody.

The woman and the policemen have been subjected to medical examination and the report is awaited, Reddy said.

Faridabad, Haryana

A nine-year-old girl was allegedly raped twice by her neighbour’s son at SGM Nagar area here.

“Rohit, son of Rita Sachdeva, raped twice the girl during the last eight-month period as the victim was staying with Sachdeva’s family with her mother’s consent,” police said today.

Earlier, Sachdeva had requested the victims’ mother to give the girl in her care.

The victim’s mother has a dispute with her husband and a case of divorce is pending in court, police said, adding, her mother had given consent to Sachdeva to take care of the girl.

About eight-month ago, the victim’s mother had gone to her village and returned three days back to meet her daughter when the girl narrated the incident.

The victim was sent for medical test and rape has been confirmed, police said.

Police have arrested Rohit after registering a case of rape.

Jhargram, West Bengal

A tribal girl was allegedly raped by a youth at Jhargram town, police said today.

Superintendent of Police of Jhargram Bharati Ghosh said the girl, a class X student was returning home from private tuition at around 9 pm last night when a youth forcibly took her to a field at Bachur doba area and allegedly raped her.

The girl narrated the incident to her family.

The girl’s mother lodged a rape complaint at the Jhargram police station, the SP said.

A medical test of the girl was conducted, the SP said adding investigations were on.

Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh

A 23-year-old girl who was subjected to eve teasing by a neighbour committed suicide by hanging herself at her home, police said today.

The incident took place at Chopda Mohalla yesterday when the victim was alone at her home, they said.

Her neighbour, one Manoj Kushwaha, allegedly used to tease her and upset with it, she hung herself from the ceiling fan in the room yesterday when she was alone, they said quoting girl’s mother Hemlata Sharma.

Hemlata was living with her only daughter as her husband and son had died earlier, police said.

A case has been registered against Manoj, who is absconding, they said, adding that efforts were on to nab him.

VHP Leader Praveen Togadia booked for hate speech in Maharashtra


Amid mounting pressure from the Centre, the Maharashtra police Thursday booked Vishwa Hindu Parishad leader Praveen Togadia for allegedly hate speech at Nanded district in Maharashtra, official reports said.

According to report, the Maharashtra police came into action after the direction came from State government.

A First Information Report has been lodged against VHP leader who allegedly spitting venom against a particular community.

Earlier, Minister of State for Home R.P.N. Singh Thursday has said that Maharashtra Government must take action against Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) President Praveen Togadia if his speech is inflammatory because everybody is equal in the eyes of law.

“Well, as you know law and order is a state subject. All state governments have free choice to take action and are bound to take action if anybody raises inflammatory speeches. And I am sure the state government will take the appropriate action in any case because everybody is equal in the eyes of law,” he said.

To a poser on the VHP upping the ante with the BJP, Singh said: “I think all mainstream political parties should stay away from these kinds of statements and all of them should come on board and do away with these kinds of statements. Politics is most serious thing. Everybody seems to be talking about development, but we hear these fringe players all the tensions being focused on them.”

“Well, we can’t blame the BJP. Whenever elections come, their only issue remains the Ram Mandir. And so, it’s not something new that we are seeing that is happening. Whenever the elections are due, the BJP comes back to its old ideology of building the Ram temple,” he added.

According to reports, Togadia allegedly attacked Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM) politician Akbaruddin Owaisi and members of a particular community at a public meeting at Bhokar town in Nanded district.

Owaisi was arrested on charges of making a hate speech in Andhra Pradesh’s Adilabad district last month.

Demanding swift and stringent action against Togadia over his hate speech against members of a particular community, Congress General Secretary Digvijay Singh had earlier on Wednesday said no religious fundamentalists should be allowed to play with communal accord in the country.

–With ANI Inputs–

 

Pranab rejects another mercy plea


President Pranab Mukherjee has rejected the mercy petition of death-row convict Saibanna Ningappa Natikar, currently lodged in the Central Prison at Hindalga, Belgaum, Karnataka. This is his second rejection after assuming office as the President. He signed the order on January 4.

The first rejection was that of Kasab, the convict in the 26/11 Mumbai terror case hanged on

November 21.

Saibanna had submitted his mercy petition following the confirmation of his death sentence by the Supreme Court’s two-Judge Bench on April 21, 2005. Saibanna was a life convict for the murder of his first wife. While on parole in September 1994, suspecting the fidelity of his second wife, he killed her and his daughter, and attempted to commit suicide.

‘Judgment of error’

Fourteen former Judges had recently appealed to Mr. Mukherjee to commute Saibanna’s death sentence to life imprisonment, in view of Supreme Court’s admission in 2009 in another case that the Court’s confirmation of his death sentence in 2005 was per incuriam (judgment delivered out of error or ignorance).

In Santosh Kumar Bariyar v. State of Maharashtra (2009), the Supreme Court held that the Court’s confirmation of death sentence in Saibanna’s case fell foul of two binding judgments of the Supreme Court, namely, Mithu Singh v. State of Punjab (1983) and Bachan Singh v. State of Punjab (1980).

In Mithu Singh, the Supreme Court’s five-Judge Constitution Bench struck down Section 303 of Indian Penal Code, prescribing mandatory death sentence (prescribed under Section 303 of Indian Penal Code) for convicts found guilty of committing murder while serving life sentence.

In Bachan Singh, another Constitution Bench had held that death sentence is constitutional if it is prescribed as an alternative for the offence of murder and if the normal sentence prescribed by law for murder is imprisonment for life.

In Saibanna, the Supreme Court was doubtful whether a person already undergoing imprisonment for life could be visited with another term of imprisonment for life to run consecutively with the previous one. Instead of resolving this doubt, the Court confirmed his death sentence. In Bariyar, the Court admitted that the Bench in Saibanna effectively made death punishment mandatory for the category of offenders serving life sentence.

The Karnataka High Court which first heard Saibanna’s appeal against the death sentence gave a split verdict. His appeal was then referred to the third Judge, who confirmed his death sentence.

The Supreme Court, while confirming Saibanna’s death sentence, had relied on Machhi Singh v. State of Punjab, which was on November 20 last year considered per incuriam by a two-Judge Bench of the Supreme Court in Sangeet v. State of Haryana.

The Hindu

Facebook arrests: Sena calls for bandh as two cops are suspended, magistrate shifted


The Shiv Sena has called for a bandh in Palghar town tomorrow after two police officers, including the police chief of Thane (rural), were today suspended for the arrest of two young women over a Facebook post criticising the shutdown for Bal Thackeray‘s funeral, while the judicial magistrate who remanded them in custody was shunted out.

Superintendent of police Ravindra Sengaonkar and senior police inspector Shrikant Pingle have been suspended and a departmental inquiry ordered against them, Maharashtra home minister RR Patil told reporters.

He promised that the departmental inquiry would be completed in the shortest possible time.

Patil said additional SP Sangram Nishandar has been “warned in writing and reprimanded” for dereliction of duty.

“Wrong sections were applied against the girls. There was no need to take hasty action [against the girls],” Patil said, adding that senior officers will probe what charges can be dropped.

Earlier, the Bombay high court transferred judicial magistrate RG Bagade who first remanded Shaheen Dhada and Renu Srinivasan in custody and later granted them bail for a surety of Rs15,000 each.

The two young women were arrested on November 19 after the former posted a Facebook status lamenting the November 18 shutdown and the latter “liked” it.

Though Dhada had not named Thackeray, a local Sena activist complained against the women and police arrested the duo on November 19, sparking an outrage. A hospital owned by Dhada’s uncle was also vandalised despite her apology for having hurt the sentiments of Thackeray’s followers.

The arrest had set off a debate with some legal experts maintaining that instead of remanding and then enlarging the girls on bail, Bagade should have discharged them from the case as they had been booked wrongly.

Bagade’s transfer order issued yesterday by the registrar of the Bombay high court said, “JMFC at Palghar RG Bagade is hereby transferred in the same position to Jalgaon with immediate effect.”

Patil said SP Sengaonkar was placed under suspension for disobeying his superiors, who had advised against arresting the girls. Inspector Pingle invited action for charging them under wrong sections and preparing faulty records, he said.

source : PTI

Narendra Modi calls for a mass movement against gutka in Gujarat


Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi on Friday appealed to the people of the state to launch a mass movement against gutka.

“This is the time to rise to the occasion together and create a mass movement to remove gutka from our lives and save our youth from the menace of cancer,” Modi wrote on his blog, while reminding people about the new legislation banning gutka in the state from September 11.

“Come 11th September 2012, there will be a comprehensive ban on gutka consumption across the state. It is our determination to create a society where no woman is widowed due to hazards of gutka eating in the family. We want to see a day when no child loses a parent or no mother prematurely loses a son due to gutka consumption,” Modi said.

Drawing attention of the people towards the dangers of gutka, he said, “The menace of gutka is much more serious than what you would like to believe it would be. You will be shocked to know that gutka is even more expensive than almonds. But those who consume it never realise this and move towards a path of self-destruction, from which, there is no return.”

The chief minister has also appealed to people to use social networking media as a tool to spread awareness about the gutka menace.

“Social media users may like to take up the cause on that platform by posting & spreading messages. This is how together we can take small steps that will make a big difference,” he added.

Gutka has been banned in other states including Maharashtra.

 

 

 

25 of 53 Cities Doubtful to Allow Foreign Retailers


As many states including UP and Tamil Nadu raise the red flag against Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in multi-brand retail, its speculated that nearly half of 53 cities may bang door on global chains.  Going by the 2011 data on Census of India website, 25 out of 46 cities with around 10 lakh population, are doubtful to allow like of Walmart, Carrefour and Tesco to open stores.  However, the government in a statement said 53 cities will benefit from the new policy.

25 of 53 Cities Doubtful to Allow Foreign Retailers

Mayawati, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal CM, Mamta Banerjee, Bihar’s CM Nitish Kumar, all stood up against the latest FDI liberalization move from the UPA. Gujrat’s CM Narendra Modi, is happy and welcomed the opening up.

Congress ruled states like Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Haryana will welcome foreign retailers, but in Punjab, Shiromani Akali Dal has supported the move.

Anand Sharma, Commerce and Industry Minister, said, states like Punjab, Maharashtra and Rajasthan are supporting UPA’s reform move.

Cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Ahmedabad and Vadodara will put up the closed sign as the retail trade is state’s subject and in order to open the stores, it requires clearances from municipal bodies, registration under the Shops & Establishments Act and the Sales Department apart from support from the district administration.

Chennai, Madurai and Coimbatore will have to the face the impact of Jayalalitha’s opposition to multi-brand retails. She said in a statement, “The purported intention of the government of India seems to be to bring more foreign investment into the country to improve market efficiency and bring down double-digit inflation prevailing in the country, mainly due to the series of policy blunders made by the Congress-led UPA government at the Centre. Does our nation lack such resources or the technology to deal with such problems? The central government should realize that constraints on farm products, on the supply side, which is one of the contributory factors to food inflation, cannot be addressed through the FDI route, but only by squarely addressing the infrastructural constraints through appropriate policy support.”

Uttar Pradesh is likely to face the biggest impact as it has seven listed cities like Meerut, Ghaziabad, Agra, Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad and Varanasi and the state has already made it clear that it will stay out of bounds. Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh have four states each. Despite the huge prospective that middle class India offers to international chains dealing with decreasing demand in their home markets, the global giants are still going to stay interested. Maharashtra will emerge out as the most attractive destination given the fact that it is a middle class dominated area with cities like Mumbai and Pune. The foreign retailers are likely to open up their stores in 8 towns and cities. The government feels, sooner or later, the states would recognize the huge opportunity that the modern retail format offers with foreign participation.