Few Longest Train Routes of India


Which is your preferred mode of transport for long distance travel- flight or train? Flight saves time, but there’s the inconvenience of cramped space and security checks. Besides a flight journey falls short of emanating that romantic charm despite the presence of those charming flight attendants. This is where a train journey fits in. Imagine yourself inside a train rushing past the towns and villages of India- giving you glimpses of fascinating landscapes, the weather changing every few hours and the food presenting distinctive changes in aroma in each of your meal. Then, there’s the exciting prospect of meeting perfect strangers, getting into conversation with them and discovering ways of life so different from your own. So, hurry up! Dust off that travel bag and choose one route from the below mentioned list of 1o longest routes.

Kerala Sampark Kranti Express
Train Number: 12218
Starting Point: Chandigarh (Punjab)
Ending Point: Thiruvananthpuram (Kerala)

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Running at an average speed of 57killo meters per hour, it covers a distance of 3415kms in 57 hours and 35 minutes. It takes 21 halts. It traverses through Punjab, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala. This train runs once in a week.

Guwahati- Ernakulam Express
Train Number: 12508
Starting Point: Guwahati (Assam)
Ending Point: Ernakulam (Kerala)

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It runs at an average speed of 55killo meters per hour. It travels 3337kms in 59 hours and 45 minutes. It takes halts in 43 places. It’s a weekly train service. It passes through the states of Assam, West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and finally reaches Kerala.

Dehradun- Kochuveli Weekly Superfast Express
Train Number: 12288
Starting Point: Dehradun (Uttarakhand)
End Point: thiruvananthpuram (Kerala)

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It covers a distance of 3459kms in 61hours and 10 minutes. It traverses through Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharastra, Karnataka and Kerala. It halts at 25 places. It runs once a week.

Raptisagar Express
Train Number: 12522
Starting Point: Ernakulam (Kerala)
Ending Point: Barauni (Bihar)

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Raptisagar is a super fast express running at an average speed of 55km per hour. It covers a distance of 3441kms in 62 hours. It takes 61 halts. It’s a weekly train service. The train passes through Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Dehradun- Kochuveli Weekly Superfast Express
Train Number: 12288
Starting Point: Dehradun (Uttarakhand)
End Point: thiruvananthpuram (Kerala)

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It covers a distance of 3459kms in 61hours and 10 minutes. It traverses through Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharastra, Karnataka and Kerala. It halts at 25 places. It runs once a week.

Ten Jammu Express
Train Number: 16787
Starting Point: Tirunelveli (Tamil Nadu)
Ending Point: Jammu Tawi (Jammu & Kashmir)

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It passes through Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and Jammu & Kashmir. It covers a total distance of 3561kms in 70 hours. It halts at 70 stops and crosses 518 intermediate stations. This is a biweekly train service.

Guwahati Express
Train Number: 12515
Starting Point: Thiruvanathapuram (Kerala)
Ending Point: Guwahati (Assam)

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This is a super fast train running at an average speed of 54km per hour. It traverses through Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal and Assam. It covers 3552kms in 65 hours. It takes a total 50 halts. It runs once in a week.

Navyug Express
Train number: 166
Starting point: Mangalore (Karnataka)
End Point: Jammu Tawi (Jammu & Kashmir)

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NavYug Express runs through 12 Indian states: Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. It covers a distance of 3609kms in 67 hours. It takes 61 halts. It runs once a week.

Dibrugarh Express
Train Number: 15901
Starting Point: Bangalore (Karnataka)
Ending Point: Dibrugarh (Assam)

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Dibrugarh Express started running from 4th January 2010. It’s an express train running at the speed of 51km per hour. It covers a total distance of 3547kms in 68 hours. It takes 33 halts and runs through Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal and Assam. It’™s a weekly train.

Vivek Express (Dibrugarh-Kanyakumari)
Train Number: 15905/15906
Starting Point: Dibrugarh (Assam)
Ending Point: Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu)

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It owes its name to Swami Vivekananda as it started running to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Swamiji. It is an express train, covering a total 4272kms in 82 hours. It travels through the states of Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It takes 54 halts. This is the longest train route in India and the 9th longest in the world.

Himsagar Express
Train Number: 16317/16318
Starting Point: Jammu Tawi (Jammu & Kashmir)
Ending Point: Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu)

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This express train runs at the speed of 53km per hour and traverses a total distance of 3714kms in 70 hours. It passes through 9 Indian states: Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It halts at 71 stations. It runs once a week. It starts at 11.45PM on Monday from Jammu and reaches Kanyakumari at 10.45 PM on Thursday.

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Delhi Plagued By Serious Water Shortage


Delhi voted out for a change in politics by bringing in the debutant Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) that had pledged in the party’s agenda to give 700 liters of uncharged water along with a reduction in electricity by 50 percent to the general public, reports The Economic Times
According to the National Survey Organization (NSSO), Delhi’s 15.6 percent of urban households and 29.7 percent of rural households had insufficient water supply throughout the year. This issue also drew support for Arvind kejriwal’s campaign.

Among the worst affected, in comparison with 27 states and 6 union territories was Delhi’s rural households. The other neighboring states like Haryana had sufficient drinking water with 91.3 percent for urban households and 95.8 percent for rural households. Uttar Pradesh topped the list with 96.6 percent of urban households and 97.1 of rural households getting sufficient drinking water throughout the year.

According to the survey conducted in 2012 by NSSO the key indicators of drinking water, sanitation, hygiene and housing condition of India, the all-India average deteriorated from 91.1 percent in urban area in 2008-2009 to 89.6 percent in 2012 and in rural area from 86.2 percent to 85.8 percent. The on premise supply of drinking water was only 46.1 percent in rural households with comparison to 76.8 percent of urban households.

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About 94.2 percent of the rural households and 90 percent of the urban households got “promising quality of drinking water”, than the all-India average of 87.7 percent and 88.1 percent respectively.  The survey also revealed that west Bengal’s urban household got 49 percent and the rural household got 30 percent with better services of on premises water supply. The survey boosted Gujarat which was ahead of Maharashtra with their rural households having 96 percent electricity in the state with comparison to 93 percent from the neighboring state.
However On an average it took 15 minutes by a normal household, to fetch drinking water from out of the premises, at the all-India level. If one has to take only rural areas into consideration, Jharkhand was the state which took the longest of (40 minutes) and Assam with shortest of (10 minutes). Among the urban states with bigger landscape. It was again Jharkhand with (40 minutes) and Delhi with the shortest of (6 minutes).

Parents Force Daughter to Have Sex With Creditor, Held


A couple allegedly forced their teenage daughter to have sex with a person as repayment of a loan of Rs 50,000 they had availed, police said today.

Three people, including the 16-year-old girl’s parents, have been booked by the police after the incident came to light on a complaint by the school administration to a local NGO which took the girl’s case to the police.

The father of the class VII student had taken a loan of Rs 50,000 some time ago, police said.

After the couple could not repay the loan, they asked the creditor to have sexual relations with their teenage daughter in lieu of the repayment of the loan.

Nisar Khan (40) readily accepted the offer and had sexual relations with the girl for two years.

The incident came to light when school authorities, on noting that the girl had become indifferent and depressed at school, initiated a probe, they said.

Fearing police action, the couple packed off their daughter to Uttar Pradesh from where she was brought back by the police, which nabbed her father and mother, though Khan is still at large, they said.

The girl will be sent for medical examination on Monday.

PTI

India’s Polluted Rivers Threaten Millions of Lives


River is not just a source of life in India; it represents faith and belief of the many million Indians who pray and preach the river for its mystical essence. But now the major rivers in India are threatening lives of millions of people who depend on the water from these rivers for sustenance. A team of 11 environmental activists cycled through the Gangetic plains covering about 1,800km in 27 days and have discovered that the devout rivers of these plains are turning into ‘sewage’ and becoming increasingly life threatening. The team members crossed 24 rivers while cycling through north Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, reached the capital and then cycled to their final stop at Dehra Dun.

Dr. Anil P Joshi is the team head of the environmental team from the Dehra Dun-based environmental NGO, HESCO. He is also a Padma Shri-awardee. On the current situations of these rivers, he said, “Not one river was fit to bathe in. The water at many places resembled sewage water. Among the most polluted rivers we came across was the Yamuna in western UP, Varuna and Gandak,” as reported by TNN.
Dr. Joshi further informed, “The growing pollution of rivers is a stark sign of wider ecological imbalance in the region.”

The aim of the survey done on the journey or ‘yatra’ by the environmental team was to increase awareness on the need to keep a track of India’s natural resources. The team is insisting the government to introduce an annual green measure entitled the ‘’gross environmental product’ or GEP. Joshi claims, “Like the GDP for the economy, the GEP would monitor the health of India’s natural assets, showing whether these were being overexploited or not,” as reported by TNN.

The activists were not just concerned about the condition of rivers they were even bothered about the disappearing forests on their yatra.  In the states they travelled they noticed that most of them had the forest area below India’s set target of 33 percent like in Bengal it showed 14.64 percent, Delhi 11.94 percent, Bihar 7.23 percent and UP 3.61 percent.
Joshi said, “Forests are vanishing in these states. And even the ones that survive are grade C forests, consisting of bushes rather than broad-leaved trees,” as reported by TNN.

The team visiting through 31 districts held 300 meetings and spread the message to about 10,000 people to preserve the quality of rivers. They also noted the falling water table, degradation of agricultural lands in various districts and polluted underground water.

Joshi informed “We will compile a report of our observations, which will be sent to the Prime Minister’s Office and to all chief ministers.”
Similarly the holy waters of Beas River in Manali, Himachal Pradesh are gradually turning into sewage, dustbin and also a corpse dump yard for the inhabitants and the visitors. The river bank is covered with tonnes of garbage and the sewage lines of most houses open directly into the water stream.

Nanak Chand Sharma, an elderly person from Kullu said, “Beas was not so polluted 20 years back. Construction of hundreds of hotels, increasing population, plastic packaging and indifferent attitude of the government are responsible for the unimpeded destruction of holy Beas,” as informed by Suresh Sharma for TNN.

The river is also used by the ranchers to dispose their dead animals. This practice has highly contaminated the water. Hari Prasad Singh, a resident in Patlikuhal village said, “People are throwing cattle carcasses into the river while some bury the dead animals by the riverside. These people think that there are floods in the river every year which will sweep away all the dirt and bodies,” as reported by TNN.

The ignorant villagers are disposing wastes, dead bodies and animals in the river, even then very little is done by the government to stop the ongoing contamination of the river. Even with such drastic circumstances there are no signboards installed in the district anywhere warning not to pollute the river, informed another resident.

These practices in the small towns and cities in India has caused enough damage to the natural resources that it is at a point where it has become a huge challenge to salvage it. The rivers in the country have been given such importance but now these rivers require a lot of attention to be cleaned and be turned innocuous for the people in the country.

Man who spoke against honour killing on “Satyamev Jayate” killed by ‘in-laws’


The wife of the 29-year-old youth, who was allegedly shot dead in Adoli village in Bulandshehr on Thursday last, on Monday alleged that her family members were behind the death of her husband.

According to the Abdul Hakim’s wife Mahvish, the victim was shot dead by her family members on November 22 after he had just entered the village along with her and their two-year-old daughter.

However, the police claimed that it was not a case of honour killing as none of the accused named in the FIR by the deceased’s brother was from Mahvish side.

Mahvish had eloped with Hakim in October 2010 after which the couple got married and were staying in Delhi following opposition from the former’s family, police said.

The couple was here in the village to visit Mahvish’s ailing relatives.

Hakim has also participated in one of the episode of Satyamev Jayate, hosted by actor Aamir Khan, to speak against the the menace of honour killing.

PTI

Royal Enfield Bullet to Plough a Farm


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Where have you seen a Royal Enfield Bullet plough a farm? Or used as a pressure cooker to whip up a frothy espresso coffee?Seems impossible? Well, making the seemingly impossible possible is a part of the daily ‘jugaad’ (the famous Indian knack of technical improvisation) for the National Innovation Foundation (NIF) India, which is promoting its innovations at the Konkan Fruit Festival here in Goa.

To put the two innovations in perspective, Mansukhbhai Jagani from Gujarat has replaced his pair of bullocks with a 350 cc bullet motorcycle, which he kickstarts every day to plough his 1.25 acre groundnut farm. The bullet’s rear wheel has been replaced by a set of two smaller wheels joined by an axle, behind which the metal plough digs into the earth.

And the pressure cooker espresso coffee machine innovation has its roots in Bihar where Mohammad Rozadeen makes his foaming milky espresso coffee for his customers in Eastern Champaran district. Heated on a kerosene stove, Rozadeen’s pressure cooker emits jets of steam from a longish copper snout running from the cooker lid into the jar of milk, making it hot and frothy.

“We track down innovators throughout rural areas. Our honeybee network is responsible for keeping an eye on rural innovations,” Udit Shah of NIF told IANS.The pressure cooker espresso machine costs between 1,500 and 2,500, depending on the quality of the pressure cooker used.

Next to the espresso machine are three cycles lined up. Only to the naked eye they appear to have been mechanically mated either with a seaplane or a river-paddle boat.According to Shah, the cycle-innovations are still being honed into marketable products which will be up for sale.

“They are flood bicycles. There have been many floods in India. We are developing these. One of the cycles is an innovation from Bihar, while the other is from Uttar Pradesh,” Udit said.While the Bihar innovation has sea plane like platforms alongside the wheels, the UP innovation has a paddle rotor in the rear (which whirs into action when you pedal the machine).

The cycle is designed to stay afloat with the help of two fabricated plastic buoys.”When we select the idea, the credit of the core idea remains with the innovator. We only use science to make the innovations more perfect in order to make them marketable on a larger scale so that the innovator can make money,” Udit said.

The NIF was founded under the aegis of the central ministry for science and technology in 2000, to help make India an inventive and creative society and a global leader in sustainable technologies without social and economic handicaps.Raghunath Mashelkar, a former head of the Council for Science and Industrial Research (CSIR), heads the governing board of NIF while some of the board members are entrepreneur Kishore Biyani and IITan Devang Khakar among other scientists, innovators and bureaucrats.

Source: IANS

Indian Nursery Text Book Says ‘B’ for ‘Bomb’


It is no longer A for apple and B for ball. In text books being used for nursery class children studying under UP Board and CBSE, “B” is for bomb and “CH” is for Chaku.

This language of violence is being taught to children in a book on Hindi language alphabets, titled ‘Aalok Shabd’. The book is prescribed in quite a few schools in the state.

While in another moral education book meant for Class 8, titled New Way Bloom, the Indian tricolor is shown in an inverted position in five places with green on top and saffron at the bottom. Published by Gurukul Publications, New Delhi, as part of the life skills syllabus, it was intended to teach young kids patriotism but seems to have turned things upside down.

The books have left parents fretting and education authorities scurrying for cover. Many parents raised protests over contents of these books with school authorities and the publishers have at last decided to withdraw the books from the market.

Rav Authar Dixit, president of the Parents-Student Welfare Association of Gurukul Academy in Uttar Pradesh, said that the national education board was investigating how such a book was cleared for private nursery schools.

Dixit said “It is the responsibility of the education board to provide clean books to the students,” as reported by the Associated Press.

Javed Alam, a board official, held the book publisher responsible for the lapse. Alam said that the Federal Board of Secondary Education issues broad guidelines to state and private schools relating to books, but leaves the content to publishers. It steps in, in case of complaints.

Ananya Tiwari, a child psychologist said “Children have an impressionable mind. If students are taught about bombs and knives at this stage this would develop a negative mindset for them,” as reported by the Associated Press.

Shruti Ahuja, a parent, said to the DNA that this was unacceptable. She asked “How can one teach such words to kids of that age? Or for that matter of any age?”

Aarty Mishra Awasthy, a teacher by profession and a mother of two, was also fuming.”I’m amazed at how such words and books get into the syllabi,” she said, hinting that these books “slip through” the system after publishers tempt school managements with commissions.

Alam said strict action would be taken against the publishers of the 32-page book. He added that “This sort of negative use of words cannot be tolerated.”